Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von

BORN 28 Aug 1749, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen: Hirschgraben - DIED 22 Mar 1832, Weimar, Thüringen
GRAVE LOCATION Weimar, Thüringen: Historischer Friedhof, Poseckscher Garten (Fürstengruft)

Son of the imperial councillor Johann Caspar Goethe. From 1765 he studied law in Leipzig, but in bored him and he spent much of his time in society. He lived a wild life and afther three years he returned to Frankfurt with a hemorrhage of the lungs and a tumor on the neck. After he recovered, in 1770 he continued his law studies in Strasbourg.

In 1772 the son of a preacher named Johann Jerusalem committed suicide. This event was the inspiration for Goethe's "Die Leiten des jungen Werthers" (1774, translated as "Sorrows of Young Werther"). It was an instant success and Goethe's fame quickly spread across Europe. In September 1775 the young Duke Karl August invited him to Weimar, where he was offered a permanent situation as privy councillor at the court in 1779. This appointment resulted in a scandal, since Goethe was no nobleman. Goethe became the friend and companion of the Duke and quickly rose in society in Weimar.

In 1786 Goethe travelled to Italy for two years. This experience made him feel like reborn. In Rome he stayed with the painter Tischbein, with whom he also travelled in Italy. Back in Germany he met Christiane Vulpius in 1788. She went to live with him and bore him five children. In 1789 Goethe became a member of the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts and in 1790 he travelled to Italy for the second time. In Venice he studied art, but this visit was a dissapointment for Goethe, whose love for Italy soon cooled down.

He became the director of the new theatre in Weimar and in that position he was more visible for the citizens. His famous friendship with Schiller started in 1796. Goethe had initially held his distance from Schiller, but now a very close friendship ensued that only ended with Schiller's death in 1805. Schiller stimulated Goethe's creativity and the latter returned to poetry. Meanwhile, Schiller wrote his great works including "Wallenstein" and "Maria Stuart".

After Schiller died Goethe completely lost his interest in literature for a while. The French army ransacked Weimar in 1806 and in these troubled days he finally married Christiane on 19 Oct 1806. On 2 October 1808 he visited Napoleon, who resided in Erfurt at the time. Napoleon told Goethe he had read Werther about seven times and invited him to Paris. A few days later they met again in Weimar. After Napoleon's defeat in Russia he travelled through Weimar during the night of 15 Dec 1812 and he sent his greetings to Goethe.

In 1808 Goethe's "Faust" was published. He had started it between 1772 and 1775 and his early version is now known as "Urfaust". Schiller had encouraged him to continue and finish it during their friendship. Goethe would revise the work in 1828/1829. He was 81 years old when he completed the second part of "Faust" on 22 Jul 1831. He died in March of the next year in Weimar and it was published after his death.

• Father: Goethe, Johann Caspar
• Son: Goethe, Julius August Walter
• Wife: Vulpius, Christiane (1806-1816, Weimar: Jakobskirche)
• Sister: Goethe, Cornelia

Related persons
• was visited by Ampère, Jean Jacques
• corresponded with Bagration, Catharina
• knew Becker-Neumann, Christiane
• met Beethoven, Ludwig van
• was a friend of Behrisch, Ernst Wolfgang
• was written about by Benz, Richard
• was a friend of Bethmann-Unzelmann, Friederike Auguste
• knew Bode, Johann Joachim Christoph
• was a friend of Boisserée, Sulpice
• knew Brentano, Antonie
• inspired Brodzinski, Kazimierz
• corresponded with Byron, George Noel Gordon
• has a connection with Carus, Carl Gustav
• was written about by Chamberlain, Houston Stewart
• had work illustrated by Chodowiecki, Daniel
• met Constant de Rebecque, Benjamin
• was a friend of Coudray, Clemens Wenzeslaus
• was sculpted by Eberlein, Gustav
• employed Eberwein, Carl
• was written about by Eckermann, Johann Peter
• supported Facius, Angelika Bellonata
• admired Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott
• is brother/sister of Goethe, Cornelia
• was visited by Grillparzer, Franz
• met Grimm, Ludwig Emil
• was admired by Gundolf, Friedrich
• has a connection with Hase, Carl von
• knew Herz, Henriette
• knew Hölderlin, Friedrich
• had as physician Hufeland, Christoph Wilhelm
• was a friend of Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
• was opponent of Jagemann, Caroline
• was painted by Jagemann, Ferdinand Karl Christian
• had a relationship with Kanne, Anna Katharina
• was a friend of Kauffmann, Angelica
• was painted by Kauffmann, Angelica
• helped Kestner, Theodor
• was a friend of Kestner-Buff, Charlotte
• met Kleist, Heinrich von
• was a friend of Knebel, Karl Ludwig von
• corresponded with Knebel, Karl Ludwig von
• knew Körner, Johann Christian Friedrich
• was opponent of Kotzebue, August von
• was painted by Kügelgen, Gerhard von
• cooperated with La Roche, Karl, Ritter von
• was a friend of Lavater, Johann Caspar
• was written about by Ludwig, Emil
• influenced Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
• was a friend of Meyer, Johann Heinrich
• admired Milder-Hauptmann, Anna
• was a friend of Müller, Friedrich Theodor Adam Heinrich von
• met Napoleon I Bonaparte
• wrote about Neuber, Friederike Caroline
• corresponded with Neureuther, Eugen Napoleon
• was visited by Nöggerath, Johann Jacob
• was teacher of Oels, Karl Ludwig
• helped Preller, Friedrich
• had work illustrated by Ramberg, Johann Heinrich
• employed Riemer, Friedrich Wilhelm
• met Robinson, Henry Crabb
• met Rohden, Johann Martin von
• corresponded with Runge, Philip Otto
• had work translated by Sabatier, François
• was visited by Sand, Karl Ludwig
• was sculpted by Scheffer, Cornelia
• was a friend of Schiller, Friedrich von
• was painted by Schmeller, Johann Joseph
• knew Schopenhauer, Adele
• admired Schröter, Corona
• met Schwab, Gustav
• knew Schwerdgeburth, Carl August
• was painted by Seidler, Louise
• was written about by Stahr, Adolf
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• was visited by Stendhal
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• knew Tieck, Ludwig
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• knew Varnhagen von Ense, Rahel
• knew Voss, Ernestine
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• supported Vulpius, Christian August
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• employed Wolff, Pius Alexander

13/3/1772Premiere of Lessing's "Emilia Galotti" at the Herzogliches Opernhaus in Braunschweig. the play was baded on the myth of Verginia by Livius. Lessing attended neither the premiere nor the performances that followed. The reason was a raging toothache. After the play was performed in Vienna in July. His future wife Eva König wrote that it was a great success. The play would be an important influence to Goethe's novel "Die Leiden des jungen Werthers" (1774) as well as Friedrich Schiller's play "Kabale und Liebe" (1784). [Lessing, Gotthold Ephraïm][Schiller, Friedrich von]
30/10/1772Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem commits suicide. This led to Goethe's writing of "Die Leiten des Jungen Werthers". After the work was published many further suicides were committted. 
23/8/1774Premiere of Goethe's "Clavigo" at the Ackermannsche Theater in Hamburg. Goethe wrote it in eight days in May 1774 and it was performed by the troupe of the late actor Konrad Ernst Ackermann. The tragedy included with Beaumarchais as a stage character. When Beaumarchais saw the play in Augsburg later in the year he didn't agree with the way Goethe had portrayed him. Goethe wasn't present during the premiere and probably saw it for the first time in Mannheim in 1799. [Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de]
13/9/1775Premiere of Goethe's "Erwin und Elmire" in Frankfurt am Main. Goethe had written the libretto for this musical play. It was performed by the Marchand troupe. It was set to music by Johann André. 
7/11/1775Goethe arrives in Weimar. His engagement with the banker's daughter Elisabeth 'Lili' Schöneman was broken and he had enough of Frankfurt am Main. He accepted the invitation of the young Duke Karl August of Saxe-Weimar. He arrived at five o'clock in the morning in Weimar. 
8/2/1776Premiere of the first verion of Goethe's "Stella" in Hamburg. The full name of the tragedy was "Stella. Ein Schauspiel für Liebende in fünf Akten". 
11/6/1776Goethe is appointed Privy Legation Councilor in Weimar. He also became a member of the Privy Consilium, the three-member advisory board to the Duke of Weimar. His annual salary was 1,200 thales. 
21/11/1776Premiere of Goethe's "Die Geschwister" in Weimar. It was a four-person play in one act that Goethe wroter in October 1776 in the garden house on the Ilm in Weimar. Goethe played Wilhelm and August von Kotzebue played the postman. [Kotzebue, August von]
30/1/1777Premiere of Goethe's "Lila" at the Liebhabertheater in Weimar. It was a musical play, a 'festival with song and dance' that Goethe wrote for the 20th birthday of Louise of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. He wrote it in a few week at the end of 1776 and in early 1777. Goethe himself played two parts. 
8/10/1777Friedrich Melchior Grimm visits Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at the Wartburg 
30/1/1778Premiere of Goethe's "Der Triumph der Empfindsamkeit" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. It was a play in six acts. It was performed with music by Carl Friedrich Siegmund von Seckendorff. Goethe himself played Andrason and Corona Schröter was Mandandane. [Schröter, Corona]
6/4/1779Premiere of Goethe's "Iphegenie" at the Ducal private theatre in Weimar. Goethe would rewrite the play in 1781 in prose and converted it to verse form in 1786. Corona Schröter played the title part, Goethe was Orest and Duke Carl August was Pylades. [Schröter, Corona]
5/9/1779Goethe is appointed privy councilor in Weimar 
12/9/1779Goethe travels to Switzerland for the second time. He was in the company of the Duke of Saxe-Weimar and he met many old acquaintances. 
13/1/1780Goethe returns from Switzerland to Weimar 
7/10/1781Goethe travels to Gotha to visit Friedrich Melchior Grimm 
0/9/1783Goethe visits Göttingen. He visited Caroline Schelling's family house there but she missed his visit. 
3/9/1786Goethe leaves from Karlsbad for Italy. He had permission from the Duke of Saxe-Weimar to visit Italy. His desire to see Italy had grown over time and he would only return to Weimar in 1788. 
29/10/1786Goethe arrives in Rome. He stayed with the painter Tischbein. 
2/4/1787Goethe arrives in Palermo. He stayed there until he moved on to Alcamo on 18 April. He was accompanied by the painter Christian Heinrich Kniep. 
23/4/1788Goethe leaves Rome to return to Weimar 
18/6/1788Goethe returns from Italy to Weimar. He had visited Rome, Naples and Sicily. He wrote about his travels in his book "Italienische Reise". Shortly afterwards he was released from his government duties in Weimar and he his reponsibilities were concentrated on culture and arts. 
12/7/1788Goethe meets Christiane Vulpius for the first time. She spoke to him at the Park an der Ilm in Weimar on behalf of her brother, the author Christian Vulpius. A long affair resulted and in 1806 they would finally marry. [Vulpius, Christian August][Vulpius, Christiane]
7/9/1788Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller meet for the first time in Rudolstadt. Goethe kept his distance afterwards and it would take years before they became close friends. Schiller had previously witnessed Goethe in 1780 during the graduation ceremony of his own class at the Karlschule in Stuttgart. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
15/12/1788Friedrich Schiller is appointed professorship of history in Jena. He was recommended by Goethe. In 1789 he took up this professorship. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
9/1/1789Premiere of Goethe's "Egmont" at the Nationaltheater in Mainz. Goethe had started writing his drama in 1775 and finished it in 1787. It was staged by the director of the Nationaltheater Siegfried Gotthelf Eckardt, known as Koch, who played Egmont himself. 
10/2/1789Goethe becomes a honorary member of the Prussian Academy of Arts 
15/5/1789Goethe's "Egmont" is staged in Frankfurt am Main. It was the same production as performed during the premiere in Mainz earlier that year. 
31/3/1790Goethe arrives in Venice. He had come to Venice to welcome Anna Amalia, the mother of Duke Karl August of Weimar. But his love for Italy had cooled by this time. 
7/9/1791The Hoftheater in Weimar is opened with a performance of Iffland's "Die Jäger". Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was in charge of the theatre and wanted to keep Iffland in Weimar. But Iffland went to Berlin where he was put in charge of the Nationaltheater. [Iffland, August Wilhelm]
17/12/1791Premiere of Goethe's "Der Gross-Coptha" at the Ducal Theatre in Weimar. It was a comedy in five acts that Goethe had written in the summer of 1791. The music was by Johann Friedrich Kranz. 
21/8/1792Goethe visits Georg and Therese Forster in Mainz. The he met Caroline Schelling as well. 
13/6/1794First known letter of Friedrich Schiller to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe [Schiller, Friedrich von]
20/7/1794Friedrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe meet at the house of August Batsch and start their friendship [Schiller, Friedrich von]
17/7/1796Goethe visits Caroline Schlegel at her home in Jena. Later that afternoon Caroline and her husband visited Friedrich and Charlotte Schiller. [Lengefeld, Charlotte von][Schiller, Friedrich von][Schlegel, August Wilhelm von]
19/12/1796Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel dine at Goethe's house in Weimar. It was a midday meal and they returned to Jena later that afternoon. [Schlegel, August Wilhelm von]
12/1/1798Premiere of Friedrich Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. It was the first part of the Wallenstein trilogy and it was performed on the occation of the opening of the converted Court Theatre in Weimar. Goethe was the director. Anton Genast played the Kapuziner. [Genast, Anton][Schiller, Friedrich von]
18/2/1798Karl Gustav von Brinckmann visits Goethe. He would visit Goethe again on 20 and 22 February. 
30/1/1799Premiere of Friedrich Schiller's "Die Piccolomini" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. It was the second part of his Wallenstein trilogy. Goethe was the director. Heinrich Vohs was Max Piccolomini. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
20/4/1799Premiere of Friedrich Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. It was the third part of his Wallenstein trilogy. Goethe was the director. Heinrich Vohs was Max Piccolomini. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
21/6/1799Friedrich von Hardeberg (Novalis) visits Goethe in Weimar 
21/7/1799Ludwig Tieck, Friedrich von Hardenberg and Wilhelm Schlegel dine with Goethe in Weimar [Schlegel, August Wilhelm von][Tieck, Ludwig]
6/9/1801Friedrich Tieck dines with Goethe in Weimar 
11/9/1801Premiere of Friedrich Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" at the Comödienhaus in Leipzig. Friederieke Wilhelmine Hartwig played Johanna. The play would be the drama that was the most performed on German stages until 1885. Schiller wrote to his friend C.G. Körner that Goethe had stated that it was his best work. Among those who didn't like it were Friedrich Ludwig Schröder and Clemens Brentano. [Brentano, Clemens][Schiller, Friedrich von]
1/11/1801Wilhelm Schlegel reads his play "Ion" to Goethe in Jena. At the same time Friedrich Tieck worked on Goethe's bust. He would finish it on 8 November. [Schlegel, August Wilhelm von]
30/1/1802Premiere of Friedrich Schiller's adaptation of Gozzi's "Turandot" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. Schiller translated the play and re-interpreted it in the Romantic style. It was produced by Goethe. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
15/5/1802Goethe's "Iphigenie" is staged in Weimar in an adaptation by Friedrich Schiller. Goethe's play was based on "Iphegenia in Tauris" by Euripides and it had been first performed in 1779 in Weimar. This version was adapted by Friedrich Schiller. It was staged several times but Schiller's version was lost afterwards. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
17/3/1804Premiere of Friedrich Schiller's "Wilhelm Tell" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. It was the last play Schiller finished. He had been acquainted with the Tell saga since his future wife Charlotte von Lengefeld had introduced him to it in 1789. The premiere was directed by his friend Goethe. [Lengefeld, Charlotte von][Schiller, Friedrich von]
1/5/1805Last meeting between Goethe and Schiller. They met on their way to the Hoftheater in Weimar. Schiller died eight days later. [Schiller, Friedrich von]
15/1/1806Premiere of Goethe's revised version of "Stella" in Weimar. It was a tragedy in five acts. Goethe had written it in 1775 and it was performed in Hamburg on 8 February 1776. He reworked it from 1803 to 1805. 
16/2/1807Premiere of Goethe's "Torquato Tasso" in Weimar. He has written it between 31 March 1780 and 31 July 1789. It was printed in Febraury 1790 but not performed before this date. 
2/10/1808Goethe on audience with Napoleon at the palace in Erfurt. It was the first meeting between the two and Christoph Wieland was with him. Talleyrand, Berthier and Savary were there as well. When he was first invited in 1806 Goethe had excused himself for health reasons and during Napoleon's second visit to Weimar, Goethe was in Karlsbad. Napoleon spoke to Goethe about "Die Leiden des jüngen Wethers" and Goethe observed that the emperor knew it very well. [Napoleon I Bonaparte][Wieland, Christoph Martin]
6/10/1808Goethe meets Napoleon during the Court Ball in Weimar. It was their second meeting, after Napoleon had received him and Wieland in Erfurt four days before. Wieland was also there on this occasion. Napoleon invited Goethe to come to Paris to write a Caesar tragedy. In his opinion there was no good work yet on this subject. On 14 Oct 1808 Goethe received the Légion d'Honneur. [Napoleon I Bonaparte][Wieland, Christoph Martin]
15/6/1810Beethoven's music to Goethe's "Egmont" is first performed at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Amalie Adamberger sang the parts that Beethoven had written with her in mind. The first part, the Ouvertüre, became so well known that it was often performed apart from Goethe's play. Goethe and E.T.A. Hoffmann praised Beethoven's music. [Adamberger, Antonie][Beethoven, Ludwig van][Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus]
0/7/1812Beethoven and Goethe meet in Teplice. Both were in that city at the time and Bettina von Arnim arranged their first meeting. They saw each other several times during the next days. [Beethoven, Ludwig van]
15/12/1812Napoleon passes through Weimar on his way back from Russia. It happened during the night and he sent his greetings to Goethe. [Napoleon I Bonaparte]
29/7/1814Johann Wolfgang Goethe arrives in Wiesbaden. He stayed in Hotel Adler before he moved to Hotel Bären where his friend C.F. Zelter stayed as well. He met many people in Wiesbaden and on Sundays he was often invited by Friedrich August von Nassau to dine at Schloss Biebrich. He would leave Wiesbaden om 12 September 1814. 
4/8/1814Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is visited by Johann Jacob von Willemer and his stepdaughter Marianne in Wiesbaden. Goethe knew him for a long time and Willemer's stepdaughter Marianne Jung was with him. Within a short time Willemer would marry Marianne, allthough he had formally adopted her. A secret love affair between Goethe and Marianne would develop afterwards. [Willemer, Marianne von]
21/7/1815Goethe travels from Wiesbaden to Cologne. Between 21 July and 31 July he travelled down the Rhine to Cologne. There he visited the Cathedral and several private collections, including that of Franz Walraf. 
22/8/1815Goethe leaves Wiesbaden. He was accompanied by Sulpiz Boisserées. [Boisserée, Sulpice]
26/5/1821Opening of the Königliches Schauspielhaus in Berlin with Goethe's "Iphigenie". The old theatre at the Gendarmentmarkt had burnt down in 1817. Karl Friedrich Schinkel built the new theatre between 1818 and 1821. King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia attended the opening. [Friedrich Wilhelm III, king of Prussia][Schinkel, Karl Friedrich]
15/8/1823Anne Milder-Hauptmann performs for Goethe in Marienbad. Goethe wrote afterwards that she managed to make four small songs big and the remembrance of her performance brought tears into his eyes. [Milder-Hauptmann, Anna]
28/8/1827Goethe receives the Großkreuz des Verdienstordens der Bayerischen Krone in Weimar. King Ludwig I of Bavaria travelled personally to Goethe in Weimar for the award ceremony. [Ludwig I, König von Bayern]
20/10/1828Nöggerath dines with Goethe. He was on his way back to Bonn from the Verein der Naturforscher in Berlin and he was very welcome. He told Goethe about the mineralogical circumstances in the area around Bonn. [Nöggerath, Johann Jacob]
19/1/1829Premiere of Goethe's "Faust" at the Court Theatre in Braunschweig. It was the first performance of the complete first part of "Faust". Eduard Schütz was Faust and Wilhelmine Berger was Gretchen. Heinrich Marr was Mephisto. 
28/8/1829Goethe's "Faust" is performed in Leipzig. The occasion was Goethe's 80th birthday. Rosalie Wagner played Gretchen to great acclaim. [Marbach, Johanna Rosalie]
22/7/1831Goethe completes the second part of his "Faust". He had completed the first part in 1805. Based on his old notes he worked from 1825 to 1831 on the second part. For many years it was considered to be unplayable, but in 1852 it was staged by Johann Peter Eckermann. [Eckermann, Johann Peter]
15/5/1838First performance of Goethe's "Faust" in Berlin at the Schauspielhaus 
20/10/1852Premiere of Goethe's "Faust II" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. Until then it was considered unplayable. The first of three parts was staged by Johann Peter Eckermann and performed once on the occasion of the 50th service anniversary of Carl Eberwein. The other parts were first performed in 1856 after Eckermann's death. [Eberwein, Carl][Eckermann, Johann Peter]
21/6/1885Foundation of the Goethe Society in Weimar. Within a few months it counted 1,600 members. 
21/1/1933Premiere of Gustaf Gründgens adaption of Goethe's "Faust II" at the Schauspielhaus am Gendarmemarkt. Werner Krauss was Faust and Gründgens was Mephistopheles. Other actors were Hans Otto, Paul Bildt, Elenonora von Mendelssohn, Veit Harlan, Maria Koppenhöfer, Wolfgang Heinz and Elsa Wagner. [Bildt, Paul][Gründgens, Gustaf][Harlan, Veit][Koppenhöfer, Maria][Krauss, Werner][Otto, Hans][Wagner, Elsa]
12/5/1945The Coffins of Goethe and Schiller are returned to the Fürstengruft in Weimar. Gauleiter Fritz Sauckel had them transported to Jena and ordered to blow them up when the allied troops would arrive. This was avoided. [Schiller, Friedrich von]


Temporary replica of Goethe's garden house, only a few hundred meters away from the original in Weimar.
Picture by Androom (30 Apr 1999)


The coffins of Goethe and Schiller in the Fürstengruft at the Friedhof vor dem Frauentor in Weimar.
Picture by Androom (30 Apr 1999)


The statue of Goethe and Schiller in Weimar.
Picture by Androom (30 Apr 1999)


Goethe's garden house in Weimar.
Picture by Androom (05 Feb 2005)


The house where Goethe visited Lavater in Zürich at the Obere Zäune 11.
Picture by Androom (18 Aug 2005)


The statue of Goethe at the Burggarten, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (20 Aug 2007)


The Goethe museum in Ilmenau, Thüringen.
Picture by Androom (05 Mar 2009)


Statue of Goethe at the Villa Borghese Park, Rome.
Picture by Androom (25 Jan 2010)


Goethe Memorial at the Schloss-Herrngarten in Darmstadt.
Picture by Androom (28 apr 2013)


Goethe statue at the Goetheplatz, Frankfurt am Main.
Picture by Androom (03 May 2013)


The statue of Goethe and Schiller in Weimar seen from behind.
Picture by Androom (01 Aug 2016)


Bust of Goethe at Miramar near Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
Picture by Androom (25 Aug 2022)


The statue of Goethe at the Place de l'Université in Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin.
Picture by Androom (19 Aug 2023)


• Blubacher, Thomas, Gibt es etwas Schöneres als Sehnsucht?, Die Geschwister Eleonora und Francesco von Mendelssohn, Henschel Verlag, Leipzig, 2008
• Blumenfeld, Carl, Goethe, Taschen, 1986
Biografisch Worterbuch zur Deutsche Geschichte, Francke Verlag, München, 1975
• Damm, Sigrid, Das Leben des Friedrich Schiller, Eine Wanderung, Insel Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 2004
• Gorys, Erhard, Thüringen, Artemis Reis- en Cultuurgids, Kok Lyra, Kampen, 1996
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
A meeting of genius: Beethoven and Goethe, July 1812 | Gramophone
Goethe in Wiesbaden | Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden
Clavigo – Wikipedia
Der Triumph der Empfindsamkeit – Wikipedia
Die Geschwister – Wikipedia
Eduard Schütz (Schauspieler) – Wikipedia
Egmont (Goethe) – Wikipedia
Emilia Galotti – Wikipedia
Erwin und Elmire – Wikipedia
Faust. Der Tragödie zweiter Teil – Wikipedia
Friedrich Melchior Grimm – Wikipedia
Friedrich Schiller – Wikipedia
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikipedia
Lila (Singspiel) – Wikipedia
Musik zu Goethes Trauerspiel Egmont – Wikipedia
Stella (Goethe) – Wikipedia
Wallenstein (Schiller) – Wikipedia
Wilhelm Tell (Schiller) – Wikipedia
Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem - Wikipedia
The Works of J. W. von Goethe/Volume 12/Letters from Italy/Part VIII - Wikisource, the free online library
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Die Jungfrau von Orleans von Friedrich Schiller — Gratis-Zusammenfassung
Rosalie Wagner - Stadtwiki Dresden
Goethe in Wiesbaden | Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden

Goethe, Julius August Walter

Published: 01 Jan 2006
Last update: 02 Nov 2023