Beethoven, Ludwig van
Beethoven, Ludwig van
BORN 16 Dec 1770, Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen: Bonngasse 20 - DIED 26 Mar 1827, Wien: Schwarzspanierstrasse 15|
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234, Simmering (Gruppe 32 A, nummer 29)
Son of a singer of the Hofkappelle in Bonn. In 1790 he met Joseph Haydn in Bonn. Haydn became his teacher until 1794 and afterwards he was taught by Albrechtsberger and Salieri. In 1795 he gave his first public performance at the Burgtheater in Vienna. His close ties with noblemen soon enabled him to live as a free artist.
He explored new musical paths with his symphonies and would influence a next generation of composers, among them Brahms. In 1794 he started having trouble hearing. After 1801 this became worse and around 1818 he was completely deaf. In 1815 he performed for the last time.
After his death in 1827 the actor H. Anschütz read a funeral speech written by F. Grillparzer. Beethoven was buried at the Währinger Friedhof in Vienna. When that was closed in 1888 his remains were moved to the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna.
Mother: Beethoven, Maria Magdalena
was pupil to Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg
was a friend of Anschütz, Heinrich
knew Benedict, Julius
was admired by Boito, Arrigo
was visited by Boucher, Alexandre
was sculpted by Bourdelle, Antoine
was teacher to Czerny, Carl
met Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
has a connection with Grillparzer, Franz
was admired by Hanslick, Eduard
met Haydn, Joseph
met Hiller, Ferdinand
was a friend of Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
has a connection with Kreutzer, Rodolphe
knew Lachner, Franz von
met Liszt, Franz
has a connection with Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
had work performed by Milder-Hauptmann, Anna
was a friend of Reicha, Anton
was pupil to Ries, Franz Xaverius
was a friend of Röckel, Elisabeth
was pupil to Salieri, Antonio
was a friend of Spohr, Louis
was painted by Stieler, Joseph
has a connection with Unger, Caroline
knew Varnhagen von Ense, Karl-August
was sculpted by Zumbusch, Kaspar, Ritter von
|21/11/1796||Performance of Beethoven's "Ah, perfido" in Leipzig. The singer was Josefina Duskova. Beethoven had written it for her when he was in Prague. At that time she wasn't available and it was performed in Prague by Josephine Clary, to whom Beethoven dedicated the piece afterwards. [Duskova, Josefina]|
|20/11/1805||Premiere of Beethoven's opera "Fidelio" at the Theater an der Wien. Anna Milder-Hauptmann performed the title part. Ignaz von Seyfried was the conductor. [Milder-Hauptmann, Anna]|
|0/7/1812||Beethoven and Goethe meet in Teplice. Both were in that city at the time and Bettina von Arnim arranged their first meeting. They saw each other several more times during the next days. [Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von]|
|7/5/1824||Premiere of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony. At the Kärtnertortheater in Vienna. It was longer than any previous symphonie and required a larger orchestra. It also had vocal soloists in the final part. Allthough he was almost deaf, Beethoven was on the stage and gave directions to the orchestra allthough it was officially directed by Michael Umlauf. Soloist Caroline Unger tapped his arm to make him turn around and face the reaction of the audience. She had tears in her eyes because she realised how deaf he was. Henriette Sontag also sang. [Unger, Caroline]|
|11/9/1825||Private rehearsal of Beethoven's "Quartet in A minor op. 132". Two private rehearsals took place on 9 and 11 September at the hotel "Zum wilden Mann" in Vienna. The piece was commissioned by Prince Nikolai Borissowitsch Golitsyn. Among the few guest who were present on 11 September were Maurice Schlesinger and Catherine Cibbini. The public premiere took place on 6 November 1825. |
|0/4/1841||Beethoven's "Emperor Concerto" performed by Berlioz and Liszt in Paris. Berlioz was the conductor and Liszt was the soloist. [Berlioz, Hector][Liszt, Franz]|
|5/4/1846||Richard Wagner conducts Beethoven's sixth symphony in Dresden. The performance took place at the Old Opera House. [Wagner, Richard]|
|29/9/1949||Ginette Niveu plays the Beethoven Violin Concerto at the Kurhaus in Baden-Baden. The next month she would die in a plane crash. [Neveu, Ginette]|
The statue of Beethoven in Bonn. Franz Liszt helped to pay for it.
Picture by Androom (24 Apr 2005)
The grave of Ludwig van Beethoven at the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (20 Aug 2007)
"Beethoven" by Joseph Stieler.
'Ludwig van Beethoven'.
The house in Baden where Beethoven lived during the summers of 1821, 1822 and 1823.
Picture by Androom (21 Aug 2009)
Bauer, Werner T., Wiener Friedhofsführer, Genaue Beschreibung sämtlicher Begräbnisstätten nebst einer Geschichte des Wiener Bestattungswesens, Falter Verlag, Wien, 1991
Gutman, Robert, Richard Wagner, Der Mensch, sein Werk, seine Zeit, Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, München, 1989
Halloran, Annemarie, Liszt’s Heroes: An investigation into the Artistic Interdependence, 2005
The Unique Story of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony - In Mozart's Footsteps - Uncommon Musical Travel
A meeting of genius: Beethoven and Goethe, July 1812 | Gramophone