Schröter, Corona

VOCALIST, ACTOR, COMPOSER, PAINTER (HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE)
BORN 14 Jan 1751, Guben, Brandenburg - DIED 23 Aug 1802, Ilmenau, Thüringen: Sächsische Hof
BIRTH NAME Schröter, Corona Elisabeth Wilhelmine
CAUSE OF DEATH tuberculosis
GRAVE LOCATION Ilmenau, Thüringen: Hauptfriedhof, Erfurter Strasse 12

Corona Schröter was the daughter of hobo player Johann Friedrich Schröter. Her brother was Johann Samuel Schröter (1752-1788) who succeeded Johann Christian Bach as Music Master of the Queen in London in 1782. Her sister Marie Henriette (b.1766) was a singer.

From her fourteenth year she stood on the stage as a singer and as an actress. Her parents moved to Leipzig and there she met Goethe during the time she studied with Johann Adam Hiller.When Goethe moved to Weimar in 1775 he took her with her as a court singer for Duchess Anna Amalia. In 1776 she became a member of Goethe's amateur theatre in Weimar and there she first played the part of Iphigenie. In 1783 the amateur theatre was replaced by a professional court theatre and she continued to act in other settings.

As a composer she set words from Goethe and Schiller to music. She was also a painter and in 1787 an exhibition of her work in Weimar was a success. From 1788 onwards she withdrew from court life and worked as an acting and singing teacher. She continued painting.

Corona Schröter never married and seemed unreachable for men. But she was very close to her friend Wilhelmine Probst who was always at her side. Health problems forced her to move to Ilmenau together with Wilhelmine. By the time she died in 1802 she was almost forgotten. It wasn't before 1902 that a large stone was placed upon her grave.

Related persons
• was teacher of Becker-Neumann, Christiane
• was admired by Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
• was a friend of Schiller, Friedrich von
• was written about by Schuder, Rosemarie
• was teacher of Wolff, Amalie

Events
30/1/1778Premiere of Goethe's "Der Triumph der Empfindsamkeit" at the Hoftheater in Weimar. It was a play in six acts. It was performed with music by Carl Friedrich Siegmund von Seckendorff. Goethe himself played Andrason and Corona Schröter was Mandandane. [Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von]
6/4/1779Premiere of Goethe's "Iphegenie" at the Ducal private theatre in Weimar. Goethe would rewrite the play in 1781 in prose and converted it to verse form in 1786. Corona Schröter played the title part, Goethe was Orest and Duke Carl August was Pylades. [Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von]
17/12/1796Caroline Schlegel meets Corona Schröter at the theatre in Weimar. Caroline and her husband wilhelm Schlegel attended a performance of Cimarosa's "Die heimliche Heirath". [Schlegel, August Wilhelm von]
19/12/1796Wilhelm and Caroline Schlegel visit Corona Schröter in Weimar. During the morning. [Schlegel, August Wilhelm von]

Images

The grave of Corona Schröter at the Friedhof in Ilmenau.
Picture by Androom (05 Mar 2009)

 

The grave of Corona Schröter at the Friedhof in Ilmenau.
Picture by Androom (05 Mar 2009)

 

Sources
Corona Schröter - Wikipedia
Der Triumph der Empfindsamkeit – Wikipedia


Schroth, Hannelore

Published: 17 Aug 2013
Last update: 16 Nov 2023