Carus, Carl Gustav

PAINTER, PHYSICIAN, NATURAL SCIENTIST, PSYCHOLOGIST (GERMANY)
BORN 3 Jan 1789, Leipzig, Sachsen - DIED 28 Jul 1869, Dresden, Sachsen
GRAVE LOCATION Dresden, Sachsen: Trinitatisfriedhof, Fiedlerstraße 1, Johannstadt-Nord (III J Südseite (Wandgrab))

Carl Gustas Carus studied under Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld before he taught himself oil painting working under Caspar Davi Friedrich. In 1811 he graduated as doctor of medicine and as well as doctor of philosophy.

He became a professor of obstetrics in 1814 in Dresden and in 1827 he became royal physician. He was the originator of the concept of the vertebrate archetype and he wrote numerous books on anatomy, physiology and genealogy. His "Neun Briefe über Landschaftmalerei" (1815-1824) were well known.

Carus travelled a lot in Europe and was in contact with Alexander Humboldt and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. He accompanied king Frederick Augustus II of Saxony on his informal tour of Britain in 1844 as his personal physician. He died in 1869 in Dresden.

In 1945 his grave was destroyed during the bombing of Dresden. It was restored in 1949, partly from original fragments.

Related persons
• was a friend of Friedrich, Caspar David
• was influenced by Friedrich, Caspar David
• has a connection with Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
• cooperated with Lüttichau, Ida von
• was pupil to Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Julius, Ritter

Sources
• Holst, Christian v. (ed.), Staatsgalerie Stuttgart 19. Jahrhundert, Malerei und Plastik des 19. Jahrhunderts, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 1982
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
• Aubert, Joachim, Handbuch der Grabstätten berühmten Deutscher, Österreicher und Schweizer, Deutscher Kunstverlag, München, 1973
Baedeker Dresden, 1996
Carl Gustav Carus - Wikipedia

Images

The grave of Carl Gustav Carus at the Trinitatisfriedhof, Dresden.
Picture by Androom (07 Aug 1998)

 


Cary, Alice

Published: 19 Dec 2008
Last update: 8 Apr 2017