Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
|COMPOSER, PIANIST (HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE)|
BORN 14 Nov 1778, Pressburg (now: Bratislava) - DIED 17 Oct 1837, Weimar, Thüringen|
GRAVE LOCATION Weimar, Thüringen: Historischer Friedhof (Alter Friedhof, Friedhof vor dem Frauentor), Poseckscher Garten (At the eastern wall)
Johann Nepomuk was of Hungarian descent. He came to Vienna when he was eight years old because his father had become conductor at the Schikaneder Theatre. In Vienna the young boy impressed Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and he became his pupil for the next two years. Between 1788 and 1793 he made concert tours through Europe and afterwards he studied composition with Albrechtsberger and Salieri.
In 1804 he succeeded Haydn as kapellmeister (musical director) in Eisenstadt. After seven years he was fired because he was inproductive. In 1813 he married the opera singer Elisabeth Röckel and Salieri was one of the witnesses to the marriage.
Hummel became Kapellmeister in Stuttgart (1816-1819) and in Weimar (from 1819 onwards). He was very successful as a pianist and a rival to Beethoven, with whom he had a difficult friendship that lasted until Beethoven's death.
Hummel was the author of 125 works and he played an important part in the establishment of copyrights. Although his fame was fading at the end of his life, he was an extremely rich man when he died.
Son: Hummel, Carl
Wife: Röckel, Elisabeth (1813-1837)
was pupil to Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg
was a friend of Beethoven, Ludwig van
was teacher to Benedict, Julius
was teacher to Czerny, Carl
was a friend of Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
was teacher to Hiller, Ferdinand
was pupil to Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
was pupil to Salieri, Antonio
was painted by Schmeller, Johann Joseph
was teacher to Silcher, Friedrich
|0/0/1837||Johann Hummel recognises Charles Kemble on the streets of Weimar. Charles Kemble and his daughter were on their way to Karlsbad. During their stay in Weimar Hummel recognised Charles and invited them to his house. There he played the piano and Adelaide sang. [Kemble, Adelaide][Kemble, Charles]|
Blainey, Ann, Fanny and Adelaide, Ivan R. Dee, Chicago, 2001
Dressler, Roland & Jochen Klauss, Weimarer Friedhöfe, Böhlau Verlag, Weimar, 1996
Gorys, Erhard, Thüringen, Artemis Reis- en Cultuurgids, Kok Lyra, Kampen, 1996
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909