Hummel, Johann Nepomuk

COMPOSER, PIANIST (HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE)
BORN 14 Nov 1778, Pressburg (now: Bratislava) - DIED 17 Oct 1837, Weimar, Thüringen
GRAVE LOCATION Weimar, Thüringen: Friedhof vor dem Frauentor (Alter Friedhof) (At the eastern wall)

Johann Nepomuk was of Hungarian descent. He came to Vienna when he was eight years old because his father had become conductor at the Schikaneder Theatre. In Vienna the young boy impressed Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and he became his pupil for the next two years. Between 1788 and 1793 he made concert tours through Europe and afterwards he studied composition with Albrechtsberger and Salieri.

In 1804 he succeeded Haydn as kapellmeister (musical director) in Eisenstadt. After seven years he was fired because he was inproductive. In 1813 he married the opera singer Elisabeth Röckel and Salieri was one of the witnesses to the marriage.

Hummel became Kapellmeister in Stuttgart (1816-1819) and in Weimar (from 1819 onwards). He was very succesful as a pianist and a rival to Beethoven, with whom he had a difficult friendship that lasted until Beethoven's death.

Hummel was the author of 125 works and he played an important part in the establishment of copyrights. Allthough his fame was fading at the end of his life, he was an extremely rich man when he died.

Family
• Son: Hummel, Carl
• Wife: Röckel, Elisabeth (1813-1837)

Related persons
• was pupil to Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg
• was a friend of Beethoven, Ludwig van
• was teacher to Czerny, Carl
• was a friend of Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
• was teacher to Hiller, Ferdinand
• was pupil to Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
• was pupil to Salieri, Antonio
• was painted by Schmeller, Johann Joseph
• was teacher to Silcher, Friedrich

Sources
• Gorys, Erhard, Thüringen, Artemis Reis- en Cultuurgids, Kok Lyra, Kampen, 1996
• Dressler, Roland & Jochen Klauss, Weimarer Friedhöfe, Böhlau Verlag, Weimar, 1996
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909

Images

The grave of Johann Nepomuk Hummel at the Friedhof vor dem Frauenturm, Weimar.
Picture by androom (21 May 2006)

 

Plaque at the house where J.N. Hummel lived and died in Weimar.
Picture by Androom (01 Aug 2016)

 


Humperdinck, Engelbert

Published: 11 Jun 2006
Last update: 19 Nov 2017