Lachner, Franz von

BORN 2 Apr 1803, Rain am Lech, Bayern - DIED 22 Jan 1890, München, Bayern
BIRTH NAME Lachner, Franz Paul
GRAVE LOCATION München, Bayern: Alte Südfriedhof, Thalkirchnerstrasse 17 (10-6-55)

Franz Lachner was born into a musical family. His father Anton Lachner was an organist and he gave him his first musical education. His brothers Ignaz and Vinzenz became composers like himself.

He attended the gymnasium at Neuburg an der Donau and studied composition under Eisenhofer. After his father died in 1822 he went to Munich where he continued his studies and worked as a music teacher. In 1823 he became a church organist in Vienna and in that city he studied with Simon Sechter and Maximiliam Stadler. He befriended Schubert and was also in contact with Beethoven.

In 1828 he became first master of the choir at the Kärtnertortheater. From 1834 to 1836 he was master of the choir in Mannheim. In 1836 he returned to Munich where he was appointer conductor of the Court Opera. In 1852 he became general musical director in Munich. He was also active as a teacher and among his pupils were Joseph Rheinberger and Franz Wüllner. Although he rejected Richard Wagner's music he had performed his opera's successfully, but he asked for retirement in 1868 after king Ludwig II asked Wagner to come to Munich.

His retirement was granted and he continued to work as a composer. He died in Munich in 1890.

Related persons
• discovered Bausewein, Kaspar
• knew Beethoven, Ludwig van
• was teacher of Diez-Hartmann, Sophie
• employed Hoffnaass, Franziska von
• was teacher of Humperdinck, Engelbert
• supported Kunz, Konrad Max
• was teacher of Rheinberger, Josef Gabriel
• was teacher of Röntgen, Julius Engelbert
• was a friend of Schubert, Franz
• was teacher of Vogl, Therese

7/3/1861Franz Lachner performs Mozart's "Requiem" in memory of Elise Krings. The performance took lace a the Ludwigskirche in Munich. Elise Krings had died in 1860 and he had been his pupil and close friend afterwards. 


The grave of Franz von Lachner at the Alte Südfriedhof, Munich.
Picture by Androom (04 Dec 2015)


• Hufnagel, Max Joseph, Berühmte Tote im Südlichen Friedhof zu München, Zeke Verlag, Würzburg, 1983
• Scheibmayr, Erich, Wer? Wann? Wo?, Persönlichkeiten in Münchner Friedhöfen, Verlag Erich Scheibmayr, München, 1989
Deutsche Biographie - Lachner, Franz
Elise Krings – Wikipedia
Franz Lachner – Wikipedia

Lachnit, Wilhelm

Published: 24 Jan 2016
Last update: 19 Apr 2022