|COMPOSER, CONDUCTOR (GERMANY)|
BORN 7 May 1833, Hamburg - DIED 3 Apr 1897, Wien: Karlsgasse 4|
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234, Simmering (Gruppe 32 A, nummer 26)
Johannes Brahms was introduced to the public by Robert Schumann in 1853 when he was 20 years old. For several years he was music master to the prince of Lippe-Detmold.
In 1858 he ended his engagement with Agathe von Sieboldt after Clara Schumann visited them at Göttingen. Brahms had assisted Clara after her husband's death and there were emotional ties between them. When Clara saw the intimacy between him and Agathe she left without saying goodbye. Soon afterwards Brahms ended the engagement. In 1861 he fell in love with Clara's daughter Julie and he wrote a song for her, hinting on 'living in Vienna'. Clara and Julie didn't understand and Julie married an Italian nobleman.
After Stockhausen became conductor of the Singakademie in Hamburg instead of Brahms he left that city for Vienna. Between 1864 and 1869 he travelled and gave concerts and it was only in 1872 that Vienna became his home, although he lived near Heidelberg between 1874 and 1878. From 1878 onwards he solely worked as a composer.
In 1868 he had lost another love. He was piano teacher to the talented Elizabeh von Stockhausen but had to end the lessons because of his emotional involvement. She married the composer Heinrich von Herzogenberg, but they remained friends until her death in 1892 and Brahms always carried her picture until his death in 1897.
was a friend of Dvorak, Antonin
was admired by Hanslick, Eduard
helped Joachim, Amalie
was a friend of Joachim, Joseph
has a connection with Marie-Elisabeth, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen
was a friend of Reinecke, Carl
was a friend of Röntgen, Julius Engelbert
was a friend of Schumann, Clara
has a connection with Schumann, Julie
was helped by Schumann, Robert
was teacher to Stockhausen, Elisabeth von
was a friend of Stockhausen, Julius
was a friend of Strauss, Johann (The Younger)
knew Vogl, Heinrich
knew Vogl, Therese
was admired by Wesendonck, Mathilde
was a friend of Wilt, Marie
|25/4/1854||Clara Schumann hears Liszt's "Piano sonata in B Minor" and strongly dislikes it. She received it on this day and it was dedicated to her husband Robert. Johannes Brahms played it for her and she strongly disliked it. The piece was performed in public in 1857 by Hans von Bülow and it would become both popular and influential. [Bülow, Hans von][Liszt, Franz][Schumann, Clara][Schumann, Robert]|
|26/11/1868||Another unlucky love for Johannes Brahms. Het had already missed out twice and this time the talented Elisabeth von Stockhausen was his object of desire. He gave her piano lessons but soon he was unable to continue this because of his emotions. But Elisabeth married the composer Heinrich von Herzogenberg on 26 Nov 1868 in Dresden. She and Brahms were friends until her death in 1892 and Brahms would carry a small photograph of her until his own death. [Herzogenberg, Heinrich von][Stockhausen, Elisabeth von]|
|22/9/1869||Julie Schumann marries and Brahms loses another love. He was in love with Julie Schumann, the daughter of Robert and Clara Schumann. He dedicated a composition to her and hinted at 'settling in Vienna'. Neither mother nor daughter understood what he meant and Julie married the Italian count Vittorio Amadeo Radicati di Marmorito. On the evening of her marriage Brahms showed Clara his "Alto Rhapsody" and declared that this was his song for her engagement. It contained the text "Ach, wer heilet die Schmerzen" (who will heal the pain) and this was the first sign for Clara of Brahms' interest in Julie. [Schumann, Clara][Schumann, Julie]|
|3/3/1870||First public performance of Johannes Brahms' "Alto Rhapsody". The soloist was Pauline Viardot-Garcia. Although she had retired from singing, Brahms had persuaded her to sing the part. Ernst Naumann was the conductor. [Viardot-Garcia, Pauline]|
|26/6/1870||Premiere of Wagner's "Die Walküre" at the Hoftheater in Munich. Wagner wanted to stage it in 1871, but Ludwig II of Bavaria was the legal owner of the piece and didn't want to wait. Wüllner was the conductor and Joachim, Brahms, Saint-Saëns and Liszt were in the audience. Wagner wasn't there and Ludwig also stayed away. He had decided to wait for the second performance so that he would be able to see "Das Rheingold", that would be staged again during the summer, and "Die Walküre" in the right order. [Bausewein, Kaspar][Joachim, Joseph][Liszt, Franz][Saint-Saëns, Charles Camille][Wagner, Richard]|
Blunt, Wilfrid, The Dream King, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973
Wallace, Irving, Amy, Sylvia & Wallechinsk, David, Lijstenboek 2, 1983
Time Table of History, Xïphias, 1992