Joachim, Joseph

BORN 28 Jun 1831, Kittsee, Burgenland - DIED 15 Aug 1907, Berlin
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Friedhof der Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirchengemeinde, Fürstenbrunnerweg 69-79 (Feld D-G2 Gitter (Ehrengrab))

Joseph Joachim already performed as a child and started his studies at the Conservatory in Vienna in 1838. He finished his studies when he was twelve and moved on to Leipzig, where Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy was his teacher.

In 1849 he became concertmaster at Franz Liszt's orchestra in Weimar. Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Liszt and Johannes Brahms were all close friends. Musically he slowly moved away from Liszt and towards Brahms. In 1849 he started an affair with Gisela von Arnim that lasted until she married Hermann Grimm in 1859.

From 1853 until 1866 he was concertmaster in Hanover. There he met the singer Amalie Weiss, whom he married in 1863. They had six children, but his jealousy resulted in a divorce in 1884.

In 1868 he became the director of the Hochschule in Berlin and in 1869 he started the Joachim-quartet, which existed until his death in 1907. From 1882 until 1887 he was conductor at the Berlin Philharmonic.

He was also famous as a teacher. Joachim often travelled abroad and received many titles and awards. He was seen by many as the greatest violinist of his time and he performed many times together with Clara Schumann.

• Wife: Joachim, Amalie (1863-1882, Hannover: Schlosskirche) (divorce or separation)

Related persons
• had a relationship with Arnim, Gisela von
• was a friend of Brahms, Johannes
• visited Dirichlet, Peter Gustave Lejeune
• performed with Ernst, Heinrich Wilhelm
• was a friend of Liszt, Franz
• cooperated with Marsick, Martin-Pierre
• was pupil to Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
• knew Radecke, Robert
• cooperated with Schumann, Clara
• knew Schumann, Felix
• knew Thackeray Ritchie, Anne

26/6/1870Premiere of Wagner's "Die Walküre" at the Hoftheater in Munich. Wagner wanted to stage it in 1871, but Ludwig II of Bavaria was the legal owner of the piece and didn't want to wait. Wüllner was the conductor and Joachim, Brahms, Saint-Saëns and Liszt were in the audience. Wagner wasn't there and Ludwig also stayed away. He had decided to wait for the second performance so that he would be able to see "Das Rheingold", that would be staged again during the summer, and "Die Walküre" in the right order. [Bausewein, Kaspar][Brahms, Johannes][Liszt, Franz][Possart-Deinet, Anna von][Saint-Saëns, Camille][Vogl, Heinrich][Vogl, Therese][Wagner, Richard]


The grave of Joseph and Amalie Joachim at the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtnis-Friedhof, Berlin.
Picture by Androom (29 Mar 2007)


• Aubert, Joachim, Handbuch der Grabstätten berühmten Deutscher, Österreicher und Schweizer, Deutscher Kunstverlag, München, 1973
• Blunt, Wilfrid, The Dream King, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973
• Hammer, Klaus, Historische Friedhöfe & Grabmäler in Berlin, Stattbuch Verlag, Berlin, 1994
• Prahacs, Margit, Franz Liszt, Briefe aus Ungarischen Sammlungen 1835-1886, Bärenreiter, Kassel, 1966
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909

Jodl, Alfred

Published: 21 Jul 2007
Last update: 27 Jan 2022