|VIOLINIST, PEDAGOGUE (AUSTRIA)|
BORN 28 Jun 1831, Kittsee, Burgenland - DIED 15 Aug 1907, Berlin|
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Friedhof der Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirchengemeinde, Fürstenbrunnerweg 69-79 (Feld D-G2 Gitter (Ehrengrab))
Joseph Joachim already performed as a child and started his studies at the Conservatory in Vienna in 1838. He finished his studies when he was twelve and moved on to Leipzig, where Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy was his teacher.
In 1849 he became concertmaster at Franz Liszt's orchestra in Weimar. Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Liszt and Johannes Brahms were all close friends. Musically he slowly moved away from Liszt and towards Brahms. In 1849 he started an affair with Gisela von Arnim that lasted until she married Hermann Grimm in 1859.
From 1853 until 1866 he was concertmaster in Hanover. There he met the singer Amalie Weiss, whom he married in 1863. They had six children, but his jealousy resulted in a divorce in 1884.
In 1868 he became the director of the Hochschule in Berlin and in 1869 he started the Joachim-quartet, which existed until his death in 1907. From 1882 until 1887 he was conductor at the Berlin Philharmonic.
He was also famous as a teacher. Joachim often travelled abroad and received many titles and awards. He was seen by many as the greatest violinist of his time and he performed many times together with Clara Schumann.
Wife: Joachim, Amalie (1863-1882, Hannover: Schlosskirche) (divorce or separation)
had a relationship with Arnim, Gisela von
was a friend of Brahms, Johannes
visited Dirichlet, Peter Gustave Lejeune
performed with Ernst, Heinrich Wilhelm
was a friend of Liszt, Franz
cooperated with Marsick, Martin-Pierre
was pupil to Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
knew Radecke, Robert
cooperated with Schumann, Clara
knew Schumann, Felix
knew Thackeray Ritchie, Anne
|26/6/1870||Premiere of Wagner's "Die Walküre" at the Hoftheater in Munich. Wagner wanted to stage it in 1871, but Ludwig II of Bavaria was the legal owner of the piece and didn't want to wait. Wüllner was the conductor and Joachim, Brahms, Saint-Saëns and Liszt were in the audience. Wagner wasn't there and Ludwig also stayed away. He had decided to wait for the second performance so that he would be able to see "Das Rheingold", that would be staged again during the summer, and "Die Walküre" in the right order. [Bausewein, Kaspar][Brahms, Johannes][Liszt, Franz][Possart-Deinet, Anna von][Saint-Saëns, Camille][Vogl, Heinrich][Vogl, Therese][Wagner, Richard]|
Aubert, Joachim, Handbuch der Grabstätten berühmten Deutscher, Österreicher und Schweizer, Deutscher Kunstverlag, München, 1973
Blunt, Wilfrid, The Dream King, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973
Hammer, Klaus, Historische Friedhöfe & Grabmäler in Berlin, Stattbuch Verlag, Berlin, 1994
Prahacs, Margit, Franz Liszt, Briefe aus Ungarischen Sammlungen 1835-1886, Bärenreiter, Kassel, 1966
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909