Schumann, Robert Alexander

COMPOSER (GERMANY)
BORN 8 Jun 1810, Zwickau: Hauptmarkt - DIED 29 Jul 1856, Endenich (near Bonn)
GRAVE LOCATION Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen: Alter Friedhof (Abteilung IV, Grabnummer 860)

Robert Schumann studied Law in Leipzig, before he focussed his attention on music from 1830 onwards. In 1827 he had met Agnes Carus, the wife of Dr. Ernst Carus and he fell in love with her. There is no evidence that she returned his attentions.

He studied music with Friedrich Wieck when he was around 20 and there he met Wieck's daughter, who was 11 at the time. He had relations with other women and at one time was engaged to Ernestine von Fricken. Due to a paralysed right hand he wasn't able to play the piano well enough and he turned to composition.

When Clara was sixteen they got closer, but Friedrich Wieck didn't want the penniless Schuman hanging around his daughter. However, after a long struggle for her hand he married Clara Wieck without Wieck's approval in 1840 and in 1843 they went to live in Dresden.

In 1850 the Schumanns and their children moved to Düsseldorf, where his "Rheinische Sinfonie" was first performed on Februari 6, 1851. Schumann suffered from health problems and he conducted his last concert in Düsseldorf on October 27, 1853. In January 1854 he and Clara gave concerts in Hanover, but on February 2 he jumped from a bridge into the river Rhein. He was saved by fisherman, but his mental illness (probably caused by syphilis) was so severe that he had to spend the final years of his life in a mental institution at Endenich, near Bonn. There he died in 1856.

He was buried at the Alter Friedhof in Bonn, a place he visited several times during his life to take a look at the tomb of Schiller's wife Charlotte.

Family
• Daughter: Schumann, Julie
• Wife: Schumann, Clara Josephine (1840-, Schönefeld (near Leipzig): village church)

Related persons
• met Bach, Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst
• influenced Bargiel, Woldemar
• helped Brahms, Johannes
• was a friend of Franz, Robert
• was teacher to Goethe, Walther Wolfgang
• met Hanslick, Eduard
• knew Kinkel, Johanna
• was a friend of Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
• knew Reinecke, Carl
• influenced Rheinberger, Josef Gabriel
• visited Schadow-Hasenclever, Sophie
• was a friend of Verhulst, Johannes Josephus Hermanus
• was pupil to Wieck, Friedrich

Sources
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
ilexikon.com - de beste bron van informatie over Ilexikon.

Images

Robert and Clara Schumann's grave at the Alter Friedhof, Bonn.
Picture by Androom (23 Aug 1995)

 

The house of Friedrich Wieck at what is now called the Wieckstrasse (number 10) in Loschwitz, Dresden. Here his daughter Clara met her future husband Robert Schumann.
Picture by Androom (7 Aug 1998)

 

Monument for Robert Schumann at the Schillerpark in Leipzig.
Picture by Androom (10 Feb 2005)

 

The grave of Robert and Clara Schumann at the Alter Friedhof, Bonn.
Picture by Androom (23 Apr 2005)

 

Robert Schumann statue in Düsseldorf.
Picture by Androom (06 Nov 2005)

 

Plaque at Bilkerstrasse 15, where Robert and Clara Schumann lived in Düsseldorf.
Picture by Androom (06 Nov 2005)

 

Plaque for Robert Schumann at the house in Bonn-Endenich where Robert Schumann spent his last years.
Picture by Androom (15 Jun 2012)

 

Bust by Alfred Hrdlicka of Robert Schumann at the house in Bonn-Endenich where Schumann spent his last years.
(2003)
Picture by Androom (15 Jun 2012)

 

The former mental institution at Bonn-Endenich where Robert Schumann spent his last years.
Picture by Androom (15 Jun 2012)

 

The grave of Robert and Clara Schumann at the Alter Friedhof, Bonn.
Picture by Androom (17 Jun 2012)

 


Schwab, Gustav

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 14 Apr 2017