BORN 31 Aug 1879, Wien - DIED 11 Dec 1964, New York City, New York|
BIRTH NAME Schindler, Alma
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Grinzinger Friedhof, 19., An den langen Lüssen 33 (Gruppe 06, Reihe 6, Nummer 7)
Daughter of landscape painter Emil Jacob Schindler. Ze was educated by Alexander von Zemlinsky (who wanted to marry her) and she was a friend of Gustav Klimt who wanted to have her 'alone' in his studio and even followed the family to Italy. Klimt told her that he couldn't marry her because he had other obligations and he suffered from syphillis. After Alma's mother discovered that Klimt had actually kissed her the affair was put to an end.
In 1902 she married Gustav Mahler and he forced her to give up composition. They had two daughters, Maria and Anna. Maria died in 1907. Around 1910 the marriage was falling apart. When Mahler found out that she had an affair with Walter Gropius he visited Freud in Leiden for relation therapy. However, the marriage was doomed and Mahler died in 1911. Alma now started an affair with the painter Kokoschka, who portrayed her at his painting "Die Windsbraut" ("The Bride of the Wind") in 1914. In 1915 she married Gropius after all. they had a daughter, Manon, but they separated after she had a son by Franz Werfel in 1918. The child was born two months early after a wild night of passion and because it was sickly Alma concluded that Werfel had to be the father. The child died after ten months.
In 1921 Alban Berg dedicated his opera "Wozzeck" to Alma. She married the chain smoking Werfel in 1929. In 1932 she had an affair with theology professor Johannes Hollnsteiner. In 1934 Manon suddenly became violently ill and she was paralyzed within a day. It turned out that she had polio and she died suddenly in 1935.
At the end of the 1930's they fled Germany for the nazis and went to the USA. Werfel died in 1945 in California. In 1958 her autobiography was published.
Mother: Bergen, Anna Sofie
Father: Schindler, Emil Jakob
Daughter: Mahler, Anna Justina
Husband: Mahler, Gustav (1902-1911)
Husband: Werfel, Franz (1929-1945)
visited Bloch-Bauer, Adele
was a friend of Caruso, Enrico
was a friend of Klimt, Gustav
was the lover of Kokoschka, Oskar
was step-child of Moll, Carl
was a friend of Nahowski, Helene
was a friend of Schönberg, Arnold
was pupil to Zemlinsky, Alexander von
|20/7/1901||Gustav Mahler orders his future wife Alma to give up composing. He was to marry her and he made his request by writing her a letter. In her diary Alma wrote that her heart stood still. She cried but quickly recovered afterwards. [Mahler, Gustav]|
|16/5/1906||Austrian premiere of "Salomé" by Richard Strauss in Graz. "Salome" had premiered shortly before in Dresden. The Austrian premiere took place in Graz because the censor in Vienna didn't approve. Jenny Korb sang the title part. Strauss himself conducted and Gustav and Alma Mahler were in the public. Puccini was also there. The performance was a huge succes. [Berg, Alban][Mahler, Gustav][Puccini, Giacomo][Schönberg, Arnold][Strauss, Richard][Zemlinsky, Alexander von]|
|13/10/1940||The ship Nea Hellas reaches New York. It was the last official ship from Lisbon New York in 1940. On board were Franz Werfel, Anna Mahler-Werfel, Heinrich Mann, Nelly Mann, Golo Mann, Wilhelm Ellenbogen, Otto Leichter, Erna Sailer and Alfred Polgar. [Ellenbogen, Wilhelm][Mann, Heinrich][Polgar, Alfred][Werfel, Franz]|
NRC Handelsblad, Dagbladunie, Rotterdam
Kulturregister 19. Jh, Gustav Mahler - Amerika