Viardot-Garcia, Pauline

SINGER, COMPOSER, PIANIST (FRANCE)
BORN 18 Jul 1821, Paris - DIED 18 May 1910, Paris
REAL NAME Garcia, Michelle Ferdinande Pauline
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière (division 28)

Mezzosoprano Pauline Garcia was the daughter of tenor Manuel del Pópulo Vicente García and the younger sister of the singer Maria Malibran. She was taught the piano by the young Franz Liszt and also studied with Anton Reicha.

In 1837 she gave her first performance in Brussels and in 1839 she joined the Italian opera in London where she impressed her public immediately. In 1840 she married the French author Louis Viardot who was twenty-one years older than she was.

She spoke French, Italian, Spanish, English, German and Russian and wrote many songs. She also authored several operetta's, among them "L'Ogre" (1868). George Sand turned her into the hero of her novel "Consuelo" (1843).

In 1863 she left the stage and left France for Baden-Baden in Germany. After the fall of Napoleon III she settled as a vocal teacher in Paris in 1871. She was very close with Ivan Turgenjev, who often lived near the Viardots. It is unclear if they were lovers but Pauline was certainly his muse.

Family
• Husband: Viardot, Louis (1840-1883)

Related persons
• was teacher to Brandt, Marianne
• detested Grisi, Giulia
• knew Kemble, Adelaide
• was pupil to Liszt, Franz
• is brother/sister of Malibran-Garcia, Maria Felicità
• was pupil to Reicha, Anton
• was painted by Scheffer, Ary
• was visited by Wagner, Richard

Events
1860/7/0: Act Two of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde is performed at the house of Pauline Viardot
It was performed by Pauline Viardot, Richard Wagner himself and Karl Klindworth. Hector Berlioz and Marie Kalergis, in whose honour the event was organised, were present.

Sources
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
• Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Parisians, Robson Books, London, 1991
Pauline Viardot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Steen, Michael, Enchantress of Nations, Pauline Viardot: Soprano, Muse and Lover, Allen & Unwin Pry, Crows Nest, 2007

Images

The grave of Pauline Viardot-Garcia and Louis Viardot at Montmarte Cimetière, Paris.
Picture by Androom (18 May 2005)

 


Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise, Princess Royal

Published: 20 Dec 2008
Last update: 17 Apr 2016