|SINGER, COMPOSER, PIANIST (FRANCE)|
BORN 18 Jul 1821, Paris - DIED 18 May 1910, Paris|
REAL NAME Garcia, Michelle Ferdinande Pauline
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière (division 28)
Mezzosoprano Pauline Garcia was the daughter of tenor Manuel
del Pópulo Vicente García and the younger sister of the singer
Maria Malibran. She was taught the piano by the young Franz
Liszt and also studied with Anton Reicha. |
In 1837 she gave her first performance in Brussels and in 1839 she joined the Italian opera in London where she impressed her public immediately. In 1840 she married the French author Louis Viardot who was twenty-one years older than she was.
She spoke French, Italian, Spanish, English, German and Russian and wrote many songs. She also authored several operetta's, among them "L'Ogre" (1868). George Sand turned her into the hero of her novel "Consuelo" (1843).
In 1863 she left the stage and left France for Baden-Baden in Germany. After the fall of Napoleon III she settled as a vocal teacher in Paris in 1871. She was very close with Ivan Turgenjev, who often lived near the Viardots. It is unclear if they were lovers but Pauline was certainly his muse.
Husband: Viardot, Louis (1840-1883)
was teacher to Brandt, Marianne
detested Grisi, Giulia
knew Kemble, Adelaide
was pupil to Liszt, Franz
is brother/sister of Malibran-Garcia, Maria Felicità
was pupil to Reicha, Anton
was painted by Scheffer, Ary
was visited by Wagner, Richard
1860/7/0: Act Two of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde is performed at the house of Pauline Viardot
It was performed by Pauline Viardot, Richard Wagner himself and Karl Klindworth. Hector Berlioz and Marie Kalergis, in whose honour the event was organised, were present.
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Parisians, Robson Books, London, 1991
Pauline Viardot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Steen, Michael, Enchantress of Nations, Pauline Viardot: Soprano, Muse and Lover, Allen & Unwin Pry, Crows Nest, 2007