Dirichlet, Peter Gustave Lejeune

BORN 13 Feb 1805, Düren, Nordrhein-Westfalen - DIED 5 May 1859, Göttingen, Niedersachsen
BIRTH NAME Dirichlet, Johann Peter Gustave Lejeune
GRAVE LOCATION Göttingen, Niedersachsen: Bartholomäus-Friedhof, Weender Landstraße

Peter Dirichlet attended the gymnasium in Bonn before he was educated by Georg Simon Ohm in Cologne. In 1822 he started studying mathematics in Paris and there he met Fourier, Laplace, Legendre, Poisson and others. In 1825 he attracted attention after a collaboration with the old Legendre.

In 1827 he was promoted in Bonn and after a recommendation by Alexander Humboldt he obtained a teaching position at the University in Breslau. In 1827 Humboldt appointed him in Berlin, where he taught at several insitutions. In 1832 he married Rebecka Mendelssohn, the younger sister of the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy.

In 1855 he succeeded Carl Friedrich Gauss at the University of Göttingen as Professor of Higher Mathematics. In Göttingen they were visited by Joseph Joachim, Agathe von Siebold and Karl August Varnhagen von Ense. He held his position in Göttingen until his death in 1859. He was buried next to Rebecka, who had died in 1858.

• Wife: Dirichlet-Mendelssohn, Rebecka (1832-1858)

Related persons
• was a friend of Dedekind, Richard
• was teacher to Heine, Eduard
• was visited by Joachim, Joseph
• has a connection with Legendre, Adrien Marie
• has a connection with Lipschitz, Rudolf
• was pupil to Ohm, Georg Simon
• was visited by Varnhagen von Ense, Karl-August


The grave of Peter Dirichlet and Rebecka Dirichlet-Mendelssohn at the Bartholomäus-Friedhof, Göttingen.
Picture by Androom (27 Aug 2017)


• Aubert, Joachim, Handbuch der Grabstätten berühmten Deutscher, Österreicher und Schweizer, Deutscher Kunstverlag, München, 1973
Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet – Wikipedia

Dirichlet-Mendelssohn, Rebecka

Published: 10 May 2018
Last update: 15 Apr 2022