Heine, Heinrich

BORN 13 Dec 1797, Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen - DIED 17 Feb 1856, Paris: Avenue Matignon 3
BIRTH NAME Heine, Harry
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Cimetière de Montmartre, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 27)

Oldest son of the Jewish textile merchant Samson Heine. He studied law and converted to protestantism. In 1821 he met Rahel and Karl August Varnhagen von Ense and in 1822 he visited Hegel. His first writings show a romantic style, but in 1825 he came under the influence of socialism and his tone became more radical. In 1827 he travelled to England and in 1828 to Italy. In 1834 he met his later companion Mathilde Mirat.

His satirical writings were forbidden by the Deutsche Bundesversammlung on December 10, 1835, but France soon afterwards granted him a pension. Heine wrote in German as well as in French. In 1841 he met Wagner and in the same year he married Mathilde at Saint-Supice. After he had become paralysed in 1848 as the result of an illnes of the spinal marrow (he broke down at The Louvre) he wrote pessimistic poetry, published in "Romanzero" (1851).

Related persons
• detested Börne, Ludwig
• was published by Campe, Julius
• was admired by Elisabeth von Bayern, Kaiserin von Österreich
• is cousin of Friedländer, Amalie
• employed Hillebrand, Karl Arnold
• was a friend of Marx, Karl Heinrich
• knew Stahr, Adolf
• visited Varnhagen von Ense, Rahel

15/12/1838First public concert in Paris by Pauline Garcia at the Théâtre de la Renaissance. Heinrich Heine was there and he was impressed. [Viardot-Garcia, Pauline]


Heinrich Heine's grave at Montmartre cemetery, Paris.
Picture by Androom (8 Mar 1995)


Heinrich Heine memorial between the Hofgarten and the Rhine in Bonn.
Picture by Androom (24 Apr 2005)


Plaque at the house in Craven Street in London where Heinrich Heine lived.
Picture by Androom (14 May 2011)


Heinrich Heine memorial by Georg Kolbe at the Taunusanlage, Frankfurt am Main.
Picture by Androom (03 May 2013)


The grave of Heinrich Heine at the Cimetière Montmartre, Paris.
Picture by Androom (20 Feb 2016)


• Claude Augé (ed.), Larousse Universel en 2 volumes, Librarie Larousse, 1922
• Moerman, Josien (ed.), Lexicon Internationale Auteurs, Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1985

Heisenberg, Werner

Published: 01 Jan 2006
Last update: 23 Mar 2024