Hofmannsthal, Hugo von
Hofmannsthal, Hugo von
|DRAMATIST, LYRICAL POET (AUSTRIA)|
BORN 1 Feb 1874, Wien - DIED 15 Jul 1929, Rodaun (near Wien)|
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Friedhof Kalksburg, 23., Zemlinskygasse 26 (Gruppe 01, Nummer 49)
Son of the banker Hugo von Hofmannsthal. In 1891 he wrote his first play "Gestern" under the name of Theophil Morren. Around the same time he met the poet Stefan George and he started publishing poems in George's journal "Blätter für die Kunst". He studied law and philology, but after he finished his studies in 1901 he decided to concentrate on writing and he became a member of the group Jung Wien (Young Vienna). In 1901 he married Gertrud Schlesinger, the daughter of a Jewish banker in Vienna. She converted to Christianity before their marriage and they lived in Rodaun near Vienna and had three children.
He first met the composer Richard Strauss in 1900 and from 1906 he started writing libretti for his operas. "Elektra" (1909) and "Der Rosenkavelier" (1911) were very successful. They were followed by "Ariadne auf Naxos" (1912).
During the First World War he worked for the government, writing speeches and articles. Together with Strauss, Max Reinhardt and Franz Schalk he founded the Salzburg Festival in 1917. The fall of the monarchy in Austra in 1918 was a shock to him.
He continued writing plays and for Strauss he wrote the libretti for "Die Frau ohne Schatten" (1919) and "Die ägyptische Helena" (1927). On 13 Jul 1929 his son Franz commited suicide and two days later he suddeny died himself of a stroke at his home in Rodaun. According to his own wishes he was buried in the habit of a Franciscan tertiary. "Arabella", his last collaboration with Strauss, premiered in 1933.
was a friend of Bahr, Hermann
was a friend of George, Stefan
visited Olfers, Marie von
cooperated with Reinhardt, Max
cooperated with Strauss, Richard
|25/1/1909||Première of "Elektra" by Richard Strauss at the Hofoper in Dresden. The libretto was by Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Annie Krull was Elektra. Ernst von Schuch was the conductor. [Strauss, Richard]|
|26/1/1911||Première of "Der Rosenkavalier" by Richard Strauss at the Hofoper in Dresden. Hugo von Hofmannsthal wrote the libretto and Margarethe Siems was Marschallin. Ernst von Schuch was the conductor. Eva von der Osten, Karl Scheidemantel, Karl Perron, Minnie Nast and Elisa Stünzner were among the singers. [Osten, Eva von der][Scheidemantel, Karl][Strauss, Richard]|
|25/10/1912||Premiere at Stuttgart of "Ariadne auf Naxos" by Richard Strauss. The libretto was by Hugo von Hofmannsthal. Ariadne was performed by Maria Jeritza. Sigrid Onegin was Dryade. Erna Ellmenreich was Echo. [Onegin, Sigrid][Strauss, Richard]|
|4/10/1916||Premiere of the revised version of "Ariadne auf Naxos" by Richard Strauss in Vienna. The libretto was by Hugo Hofmannsthal and Maria Jeritza performed the part of Ariadne. Selma Kurz was Zerbinetta. Franz Schalk was the conductor. [Kurz, Selma][Strauss, Richard]|
|10/10/1919||Premiere of the opera "Die Frau ohne Schatten" by Richard Strauss in Vienna. The libretto was by Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Karl-Aagaard Oestvig and Maria Jeritza performed the parts of the emperor and the empress. [Lehmann, Lotte][Mayr, Richard][Strauss, Richard]|
|22/8/1920||First performance of Hofmannsthal's "Jedermann" at the Festspiele in Salzburg. It was performed in Berlin in 1911 by Max Reinhardt and this time Reinhardt staged the play on the square before the Dom of Salzburg. Reinhardt was the director, Alexander Moissi was Jedermann and Johanna Terwin was Buhlschaft. Hugo von Hoffmansthal concluded that the play seemed to have found its natural place. [Moissi, Alexander][Reinhardt, Max][Terwin, Johanna]|
|6/6/1928||Premiere of the opera "Die ägyptische Helena" by Richard Strauss in Dresden. The libretto was by Hugo von Hofmannsthal and the part of Helena was performed by Elisabeth Rethberg. [Strauss, Richard]|
|1/7/1933||Premiere of the opera "Arabella" by Richard Strauss in Dresden. The libretto was by Hugo von Hofmannsthal and the part of Arabella was performed by Viorica Ursuleac. [Strauss, Richard]|