BORN 12 Nov 1899, Gittersee, Sachsen (near Dresden) - DIED 14 Nov 1962, Dresden, Sachsen|
CAUSE OF DEATH cardiac arrest
GRAVE LOCATION Dresden, Sachsen: Friedhof Dresden-Loschwitz, Pillnitzer Landstrasse
Painter of socialist art. He started out as a scenery painter and during the evenings he was educated at the Dresdner Kunstgewerbeschule. In 1919 he joined the "Dresdner Sezession-Gruppe 1919". From 1921 to 1923 he studied under Richard Dreher. During this period he met Otto Dix and Conrad Felixmüller. In 1924 he became a member of the "Roten Gruppe" ("Red Group") and he exhibited in Moscow. He joined the German Communist Party KPD in 1925. He exhibited in several European cities.
In 1933 four of his drawings were branded as Entartete Kunst by the nazis. He was arrested and after his release the Gestapo watched him. In 1945 much of his work was destroyed when Dresden was bombed.
After the war he lived in the DDR. From 1947 to 1955 he was professor at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden. After years of trouble with the school he resigned and continued as an independent artist. Towards the end of his life he experienced serious financial difficulties.
knew Felixmüller, Conrad
knew Griebel, Otto