|PLAYWRIGHT, LIBRETTIST, NOVELIST (FRANCE)|
BORN 25 Dec 1791, Paris - DIED 21 Feb 1861, Paris|
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 35, ligne 01, L, 33)
Eugène Scribe was the son of a silk merchant. He was educated for a profession in law but he preferred to write for the stage. Zijn "Le Prétendu sans le savoir" was staged anonymously at the Variétés in 1810 but it failed. "Une Nuit de la garde nationale", written in collaboration with Delestre Porson, was his first success in 1815. In 1822 his comedy "Valérie" was staged at the Théâtre Français.
He wrote continuously, often in collaboration with others. He delivered libretti for many operas that were perforemd at the Paris Opéra, working with Meyerbeer, Bellini, Aubel, Halévy and others. Famous actresses like Rachel and Mmle Mars performed his work and in 1834 he was elected into the Académie Française. He remained single for a long time but in 1848 he married Julie Marduel (19 Apr 1808-20 Apr 1884), the widow of a wine merchant named Biollay.
The politician Georges Coulon (1838-1912) was possibly his son from a liaison with the actress Augustine-Antoinette Finot-Léonard.
cooperated with Adam, Adolphe-Charles
cooperated with Auber, Daniel
cooperated with Halévy, Fromental
cooperated with Meyerbeer, Giacomo
|18/10/1854||Premiere of Gounod's opera "La nonne sanglante" at the Salle Pelletier in Paris. The opera was perrformed eleven times in October and November 1854. It was poorly received and when opera director Nestor Roqueplan was replaced by François Crosnier the opera was cancelled immediately. The libretto was written by Eugène Scribe and Germain Delavigne and was a loose adaption of a scene from the novel "The Monk" by Matthew Lewis. Narcisse Girard was the conductor. Jean-Baptiste Merly played comte Ludorf and Jacques-Alfred Guignot was baron Moldaw. Louis Guéymard was Rudolf's son Rodolphe and Anne Poinsot was Angès. Palmyre Wertheimber was La nonne sanglante. [Girard, Narcisse][Gounod, Charles][Roqueplan, Nestor]|
|28/4/1865||Premiere of Meyerbeer's opera "L'Afrcaine" at the Salle Pelletier in Paris. The libretto was written by Eugène Scribe and its working title was "Vasco de Game". The full score score was copied on the day before Meyerbeer died in 1864. It was staged by François-Joseph Fétis. The conductor was François George-Hainl. The singers included Marie Sasse, Emilio Laudin, Marie Battu, Jean-Baptiste Faure. Emperor Napoleon III and empress Eugénie were attended the premire. [Meyerbeer, Giacomo][Napoleon III Bonaparte]|
Le Clère, Marcel, Cimetières & Sepultures de Paris, Hachette, Paris, 1978
Encyclopedie van de Muziek, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1959
EugÃ¨ne Scribe - Wikipedia
L'Africaine - Wikipedia
La nonne sanglante - Wikipedia