Henri, Duke of Bordeaux and Count of Chambord

BORN 29 Sep 1820, Paris: Pavillon de Marsan, Palais des Tuileries - DIED 24 Aug 1883, Lanzenkirchen, Niederösterreich: Schloss Frohsdorf
BIRTH NAME d'Artois, Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné
GRAVE LOCATION Nova Gorica: Monastero di Castagnevizza, Skrabceva ulica

Henri d'Artois was the son of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry (1778-1820) and grandson of Charles X of France. His mother was Princess Carolina, of Naples and Sicily and he was born after his father's death. At his birth he received the title Duke of Bordeaux. In 1830 Charles X abdicated and immediately afterwards Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême renounced his rights. This meant that Henri now had a claim to the French throne, but the Chamber of Deputies decided that Louis-Philippe of the house of Orléans became the new king.

He went into exile with his family. In 1846 he married his second Cousin Maria Theresa of Austria-Este. They had no children. After the Second Empire ended in 1870, the Orléanists agreed to support his claim to the throne, but the monarchy was not restored and MacMahon became president of France in 1873. Shortly before his death he received the Count of Orléans, but he did not recognize him officially as his successor as pretender to the French throne. He died in 1883 at Frohsdorf Castle in Austria.

2/8/1830King Charles X of France abdicates. His son Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême renounced his rights 20 minutes later in favour of Henri, Duke of Bordeaux. [Charles X, King of France]
25/10/1852The Count of Chambord protests against the planned empire. Louis Napoléon Bonaparte wanted to restore the empire of his uncle Napoleon I. As the Bourbon pretender to the throne, the Duke of Chambord protested. [Napoleon III Bonaparte]
15/10/1872The Count of Chambord pleads for the monarchy by letter. He wrote to "La Rochette" that France could only be saved by a monarchy because it was Catholic and monarchic. 
5/8/1873The legitimists and the Orléanists decide to cooperate. This was the result of a meeting between the Count of Paris and the Count of Chambord in Frohsdorf. The Count of Chambord (who was childless) was reognized as the pretender to the French throne. 
0/11/1873The count of Chambord visits Paris incognito 
2/7/1874The count of Chambord claims the French throne in a manifesto. He stated that France needed a monarchy and that his birth had made him King of France. He signed with 'Henry V'. 


The tomb of Henri, comte de Chambord, at the Monastero di Castagnevizza in Nova Gorica.
Picture by Androom (26 Aug 2022)


Die Grosse Dynastien, Südwest Verlag, München, 1978
• Vincent, Benjamin, Haydn's Dictionary of Dates, and Universal Information, Ward, Lock & Co, London, 1906
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1980)
Henri - Wikipedia

Henrietta, princess of Bourbon-Parma

Published: 05 May 2024
Last update: 05 May 2024