|ENGINEER, GENERAL (FRANCE)|
BORN 28 Apr 1779, Dole, Jura - DIED 5 Nov 1839, Paris|
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 32)
Simon Bernard was educated at the École polytechnique and after his graduation he enterd the army in the corps of engineers. He became a captain in 1800 and a major in 1809. From 1809 to 1812 he was aide-de-camp to Napoleon. In 1813 he was promoted to colonel and wounded shorty after the Battle of Leipzig. He defended Torgau in the same year.
After the fall of Napoleon he entered into the service of the Bourbons, but when Napoleon returned he joined him and participated in the Batle of Waterloo. After Napoleon's final defeat he was forced to leave France and went to the USA, where he worked as an engineer for the American army. He was also involved in civil engineering. As a member of the Board of Engineers he advised the Congress.
In 1831 he left the army and returned to France. There he was involved in improving the fortifications of Paris. In 1834 he became a pair of France. He was Minister of War for a few days in 1834 and from 1836 to March 1839 under Molé. He died in November 1839.
worked for Napoleon I Bonaparte
Simon Bernard - Wikipedia