Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso

POET, ART THEORIST (ITALY)
BORN 22 Dec 1876, Alexandria, Egypt - DIED 2 Dec 1944, Bellagio, Lombardia: Hotel Excelsior
REAL NAME Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso Emilio
GRAVE LOCATION Milano, Lombardia: Cimitero Monumentale, Piazzale Cimitero Monumentale (Reparto IV, Giardino 63)

Marinetti was the son of a lawyer from Piedmont. He grew up in Alexandria and studied in Egypt and in Paris, where he graduated at the Sorbonne in 1894. In Italy he studied law in Pdua and graduated in 1899. He pursued a literary career instead of a legal career. In 1908 he visited the Abbaye de Créteil together with Brancusi and others. In 1909 he wrote the Futurist Manifesto tjat was published on the front page of the Figaro on 20 February 1909.

When his first plays were performed thet met with little success. In 1910 his first novel "Mafarka il futurista" led to an obscenity trial, but his name was cleared. In 1911 he went to Libya as a war correspondent. His novel "Le monoplan du Pape" was published in 1912. In 1915 he volunteered for the Italian army and he was wounded in 1917, returning to the army in 1918.

In 1923 he married the author Benedetta Cappa (1897-1977) who had joined the futurists in 1917. They cooperated on several works. Marinetti was an early supporter of fascism, but he left the Fascist party in 1920. In 1923 he returned to politics and under the fascist regime he tried to make Futurism the offical state art. But Mussolini wasn't interested and his mistress Margherita Sarfatti was in favour of the Novecento Group instead. In 1938 Hitler wanted to include Futirism in a travelling degenerate art exhibition and Marinetti persuaded Mussolini to keep the exhibition out of Italy.

He moved from Milan to Rome to be closer to the regime and reconciled with the Catholic Church although he was an atheist. For a short time he served in the Second World War in 1942 although he was 65 years old by then. He died in 1944 in Bellagio.

Family
• Wife: Cappa, Benedetta (1923-1944)

Related persons
• was painted by Zátková, Ruzena

Images

The grave of Filippo Marinetti and Benedetta Cappa at the Cimitero Monumentale, Milano.
Picture by Androom (21 Feb 2019)

 

Sources
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti - Wikipedia


Maris, Jacob

Published: 29 Jun 2019
Last update: 18 Apr 2021