|PAINTER, LITHOGRAPHER, ETCHER (THE NETHERLANDS)|
BORN 25 Aug 1837, Den Haag, Zuid-Holland - DIED 7 Aug 1899, Karlsbad, Bohemia (now: Karlovy Vary)|
REAL NAME Maris, Jacobus Hendricus
GRAVE LOCATION Den Haag, Zuid-Holland: Gemeentelijke Begraafplaats, Kerkhoflaan 12 (A2-NO vierkant 3)
Jacob Maris was the son of the bookprinter Matthaus Maris. The painters Willem Maris and Matthijs Maris were his younger brothers. The painter Johannes Stroebel (1821-1905) gave him lessons. He entered the Drawing Academy in The Hague in 1850. In 1852 he followed the painter Huib van Hove to Antwerp where he worked at Van Hove's studio and studied at the Academy. In 1855 left Van Hove and in 1856 he returned to The Hague, where he joint the Puclhri Studio, a society of artists.
In The Hague he shared a studio with his brother Matthijs and from 1863 he worked in the new house of his parents. In 1865 he left for Pairs, where in 1867 married Catherina Hendrika Horn (1840-1905). Their first son died within a year but they had three surviving daughters. He worked at the studio of Ernest Hébert and in 1866 he exposed "Petite fille italienne" at the Salon in Paris.
In 1868 he started painting landscapes. In Paris he met Fantin-Latour, Corot and Stevens. After the Paris Commune of 1871 he returned to the Netherlands. He returned to Pulchri Studio and mostly painted landscapes from the surroundings of The Hague. After 1880 he was one of the best selling painters in the Netherlands. In 1897 he visited Paris again but he din't like the modern art he saw there. But his health was declining and he died when he was visiting Karlsbad for a cure in 1899.
knew Corot, Camille
knew Fantin-Latour, Henri
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Jacob Maris - Wikipedia