Oudinot, Charles, 2nd Duc de Reggio

GENERAL, POLITICIAN, AUTHOR (FRANCE)
BORN 13 Nov 1791, Bar-le-Duc, Meuse - DIED 7 Jul 1863, Bar-le-Duc, Meuse
REAL NAME Oudinot, Nicolas Charles Victor
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 45, ligne 01, O, 18)

Charles Oudinot was the son of marshall Nicolas-Charles Oudinot (1767-1847). His mother was Charlotte Derlin (1768-1810). From 1805 to 1809 he was a page to Napoleon I and after that he served in the army from 1809 to 1814 and distinguished himself in the battles after the retreat from Moscow. He was promoted to colonel shortly before Napoleon's abdication.

Oudinot reorganised the School of Cavalery of Saumur. After his younger brother died in action in 1835 he went to Algeria. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant General before he returned to France, where he became a member of the Chamber of Representatives in 1842.

In 1849 he was put in charge of the army that conquered Rome after Pope Pio IX had been expelled by Italian rebels. In 1851 he resisted Louis Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d’état that led to the Second Empire. He retired from public life after that. In 1863 he died in Bar-le-Duc.

Related persons
• worked for Napoleon I Bonaparte
• was opponent of Napoleon III Bonaparte

Events
3/6/1849French troops fight Garibaldi before the gates of Rome. The French had ended the armistice on 1 June 1849. General Oudinot had said that he wouldn't attack 'the place' before the fourth of June. When he occupied the Villa Corsini outside the gates of Rome he was accused of breaking his word. Garibaldi's troops tried to drive the French troops away but they failed. Garibaldi lost 1,000 of his 6,000 men during the attempt. the radical fractions in Italy, France and other European countries never forgave president Louis Napoleon that he had allowed this to happen. [Napoleon III Bonaparte]
3/7/1849The French troops conquer Rome. Pope Pio IX was expelled by revolutionary Italians and Rome was occupied by an army led by Garibaldi afterwards. France sent troops to help the pope, but they were surprised by the army of 8,000 Italians and driven back. In Paris the parliament protested against the interventions and riots broke out. Eventually Garibaldi wasn't able to defend the city after Oudinot started using heavy artillery and they entered Rome in the night of 29 to 30 June. Mazzini was forced to flee to England and on 3 July Rome surrendered to Oudinot. [Mazzini, Giuseppe][Napoleon III Bonaparte]
7/8/1849Louis Napoleon orders Oudinot to return to France. Oudinot had taken Rome earlier that year. Louis Napoleon wasn't entirely happy with the return of Pope Pio IX. Apart from that, th French had liberated Rome without the Austrians or the Spaniards, but the cardinals thanked 'the Catholic States of Europe' for the crusade in favour of the Pope. [Napoleon III Bonaparte]

Images

The grave of Charles Oudinot at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (02 Nov 2019)

 

Sources
• Bierman, John, Napoleon III and his Carnival Empire, Sphere Books, London, 1990
• Gabrielli, Domenico, Dictionnaire Historique du Père-Lachaise, XVIIIe-XIXe siècles, Éditions de l'Amateur, Les, Paris, 2002
• Ridley, Jasper, Napoleon III and Eugénie, Constable, London, 1979
1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Oudinot - Wikisource, the free online library


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Published: 29 Mar 2020
Last update: 29 Mar 2020