Herbart, Johann Friedrich

PHILOSOPHER, PSYCHOLOGIST, PEDAGOGUE (GERMANY)
BORN 4 May 1776, Oldenburg, Niedersachsen - DIED 14 Aug 1841, Göttingen, Niedersachsen
GRAVE LOCATION Göttingen, Niedersachsen: Albani-Friedhof

Johann Friedrich Herbart was the founder of Herbertianismus, an early pedagogic theory. He was the son of a juducial council and studied law in Jena. Influenced by Fichte he changed the direction of his studies to philosophy and literature. In 1797 he abandoned his studies and he worked as a house teacher in Interlaken near Bern. In 1798 he met Pestalozzi.

In 1800 he returned to his native Oldenburg to be with his mother, but soon he travelled to his friend Johann Schmidt in Bremen. In 1802 he went to Göttingen where he was promoted. He worked as private teacher in Göttingen and in 1805 he became an associate professor. Several publications followed between 1806 and 1808. In 1809 he took over the former chair of Immanuel Kant at the University of Königsberg. There he met Wilhelm von Humboldt, who liked him better than he had expected.

In 1811 he married the English Mary Jane Drake. They had no children. He published many more works before he returned to Göttingen in 1833 after he wasn't granted Hegel's former chair in Berlin. As Dean of the Philosophical Faculty he distanced himself from the Göttinger Sieben in 1837. In 1841 he died of a stroke in Göttingen.

Related persons
• was supported by Stoy, Karl Volkmar

Images

The grave of Johann Friedrich Herbart at the Albani Friedhof, Göttingen.
Picture by Androom (25 Aug 2017)

 

Sources
Johann Friedrich Herbart – Wikipedia


Herbert, Sydney, Baron Herbert of Lea

Published: 26 Jan 2018
Last update: 28 Jan 2018