Bülow, Marie von

BORN 12 Feb 1857, Wien - DIED 20 Aug 1941, Berlin
BIRTH NAME Schanzer, Marie
GRAVE LOCATION Hamburg: Friedhof Ohlsdorf, Fühlsbüttler Strasse 756 (V22 (1-8))

Daughter of Stanislaus Schanzer, who came from Krakow and was Minister of Defence in Austria. She was trained as an actress and debuted in Basel in 1875. In 1876 she worked in Karlsruhe, where Hans von Bülow saw her in 1877 as Minna von Barnheim. She moved on to Danzig and Hamburg and also appeared at the theatre of Meiningen where she had leading parts in plays by Shakespeare, Goethe and Schiller.

In 1882 she married Von Bülow, who was musical director in Meiningen at the time. Bülow had hoped that he would be invited to the premiere of Parsifal in Bayreuth after he had married, but his former wife Cosima didn't want him there. Marie continued her stage career but in 1884 she was dismissed from the court theatre. She now cared full time for Von Bülow and supported him in his many conflicts and his poor health. In 1887 they moved to Hamburg, although Von Bülow often worked in Berlin.

In 1894 she travelled with her husband to Cairo where he would be treated in a sanatorium. He died there soon afterwards and she started collecting and publishing his letters and publications. In 1908 she finished this task. During the 1910s she appeared in several minor parts in silent movies, among them Murnau's "Der Knabe in Blau".

She lived in Berlin and in 1930 Von Bülow's 100th birthday was commemorated with several concerts in that city. On that occasion Marie spoke on the radio about him. She died in 1941 in Berlin and was buried beside her husband in Hamburg.

• Husband: Bülow, Hans von (1882-1894)

Related persons
• was a friend of Milde, Nathalie von


The grave of Hans von Bülow at the Ohlsdorfer Friedhof in Hamburg.
Picture by Androom (26 Jan 2006)


Buniva, Michele

Published: 10 Dec 2011
Last update: 18 Jan 2022