Anzengruber, Ludwig

BORN 29 Nov 1839, Wien - DIED 10 Dec 1889, Wien: Amerlingstraße 2
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234, Simmering (Gruppe 14 A, Nummer 01)

Son of a bookkeeper with a peasant backgroud. His father wrote poems in the style of Schiller and had one play produced. When he was five years old his gather died but his mother managed to enable him a proper education. In 1855 he left school because of bad results and the following years he worked at a bookstore.

When he was nineteen he became an actor, travelling through Austria during the next ten years, but he could never get rid of his dialect. In 1866 he returned to Vienna. He wrote several drama's but without success. In 1869 he became a clerk at the Viennese police quarters and the next hear he wrote "Der Pfarrer von Kirchfeld" ("The Priest from Kirchfeld"). This play was staged at the Theater an der Wien and a sudden success. He immediately became a professional writer.

In 1873 he married the 16-year old Adelinde Lipke, the sister of a childhood friend. It was a stormy marriage that produced three children but ended in a seperation in 1889.

Anzengruber's plays, mostly about Austrian peasant life, were successful in several European countries. In 1878 he received the Schiller Prize. From 1882 to 1885 he edited the newspaper "Die Heimat". In 1888 he became the dramatist of the Volkstheater Wien. This theatre opened in September 1889 with his play "Der Fleck auf der Ehr" ("The Stain on Honour"). Shortly afterwards he fell ill with anthrax and he died in December.

Related persons
• knew Christen, Ada
• had work performed by Geistinger, Marie
• has a connection with Niese, Hansi
• influenced Stavenhagen, Fritz


The grave of Ludwig Anzengruber at the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (25 Jan 1999)


• Budig, Robert S. et al, Ehrengräber am Wiener Zentralfriedhof, Compress Verlag Wien, Wien
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Ludwig Anzengruber - Wikipedia

Aparicio, Rafaela

Published: 28 Dec 2008
Last update: 18 Aug 2022