Hölzel, Adolf

BORN 13 May 1853, Olmütz, Mähren (now: Olomouc, Czech Republic) - DIED 17 Oct 1934, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg
GRAVE LOCATION Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg: Waldfriedhof (Abteilung 15 L)

Adolf Hölzel is regarded as a pioneer of abstract painting. He grew up in Olomouc until in 1871 the family moved to Vienna. He studied at the Academy in Vienna and from 1876 onwards in Munich. In 1888 he moved to Dachau (near Munich) where he belonged to a colony of artists and was a founder of the Dachauer Malerschule. His style of painting became more abstract over the years.

In 1905 he went to Stuttgart where he was a professor at the Art Academy from 1906 until 1919. He had many students and followers, who were known as the Hölzel-Kreis (the Hölzel-Circle). In 1917/1918 the Hölzel-Kreis exhibited in Stuttgart and among those represented were Johannes Itten, Oskar Schlemmer, Willi Baumeister and Ida Kerkovius. In 1919 his place at the Academy was taken by Paul Klee and he became an independent painter.

Related persons
• was teacher to Kerkovius, Ida


The grave of Adolf Hölzel at the Waldfriedhof, Stuttgart.
Picture by Androom (31 Jan 2007)


Baedeker's Stuttgart, Automobile Association, 1987
Hölzel, Adolf

Holzmeister, Judith

Published: 29 Feb 2008
Last update: 26 Jan 2022