Beethoven, Ludwig van

COMPOSER (GERMANY)
BORN 16 Dec 1770, Bonn: Bonngasse 20 - DIED 26 Mar 1827, Wien: Schwarzspanierstrasse 15
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Zentralfriedhof, Simmeringer Hauptstraße 234, Simmering (Gruppe 32 A, nummer 29)

Son of a singer of the Hofkappelle in Bonn. In 1790 he met Joseph Haydn in Bonn. Haydn became his teacher until 1794 and afterwards he was taught by Albrechtsberger and Salieri. In 1795 he gave his first public performance at the Burgtheater in Vienna. His close ties with noblemen soon enabled him to live as a free artist.

He explored new musical paths with his symphonies and would influence a next generation of composers, among them Brahms. In 1794 he started having trouble hearing. After 1801 this became worse and around 1818 he was completely deaf. In 1815 he performed for the last time.

After his death in 1827 the actor H. Anschütz read a funeral speech written by F. Grillparzer. Beethoven was buried at the Währinger Friedhof in Vienna. When that was closed in 1888 his remains were moved to the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna.

Family
• Mother: Beethoven, Maria Magdalena

Related persons
• was pupil to Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg
• was sculpted by Bourdelle, Antoine
• was teacher to Czerny, Carl
• met Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
• has a connection with Grillparzer, Franz
• was admired by Hanslick, Eduard
• met Haydn, Joseph
• met Hiller, Ferdinand
• was a friend of Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
• has a connection with Kreutzer, Rodolphe
• knew Lachner, Franz von
• met Liszt, Franz
• has a connection with Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
• had work performed by Milder-Hauptmann, Anna
• was a friend of Reicha, Anton
• was pupil to Ries, Franz Xaverius
• was a friend of Röckel, Elisabeth
• was pupil to Salieri, Antonio
• was painted by Stieler, Joseph
• knew Varnhagen von Ense, Karl-August

Events
1812/7/0: Beethoven and Goethe meet in Teplice
Both were in that city at the time and Bettina von Arnim arranged their first meeting. They saw each other several more times during the next days.

Sources
• Bauer, Werner T., Wiener Friedhofsführer, Genaue Beschreibung sämtlicher Begräbnisstätten nebst einer Geschichte des Wiener Bestattungswesens, Falter Verlag, Wien, 1991
Österreich-Lexikon, 1998

Images

The statue of Beethoven in Bonn. Franz Liszt helped to pay for it.
Picture by Androom (24 Apr 2005)

 

The grave of Ludwig van Beethoven at the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (20 Aug 2007)

 

"Beethoven" by Joseph Stieler.
(1820)

 

'Ludwig van Beethoven'.
(1818)

 

The house in Baden where Beethoven lived during the summers of 1821, 1822 and 1823.
Picture by Androom (21 Aug 2009)

 


Beethoven, Maria Magdalena

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 31 Oct 2009