Danneberg, Robert

BORN 23 Jul 1885, Wien - DIED c.12 Dec 1942, Auschwitz
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Feuerhalle Simmering, 11., Simmeringer Hauptstraße 337 (Abteilung ML, Gruppe 1, Nummer 1A (cenotaph))

Robert Danneberg was the son of Jakob Danneberg, the publisher of the comical publication Pschütt-Karikaturen. Robert studied law in Vienna. In 1903 he started his political activities by joining the Verband jugendlichter Arbeiter (Association of Young Workers). In 1908 he became the General Secretary of the Sozialistische Jugendinternationale that had been founded in 1907. In 1909 he left the Jewish faith. During the First World War he temporarily closed the office of the Jugendinternationale. After organisations in neutral countries didn't agree he resigned and Willi Münzneberg succeeded him.

From 1918 to 1934 he was a member of the city council of Vienna. From 1920 to 1932 he was also the president of the Landtag, the first in the history of Vienna. From 1920 to 1934 he also held the position of Nationalrat. He collaborated with Hugo Breitner on the tax system of 'Red Vienna'. In 1932 he succeeded Breitner as Finanzstadrat (financial city counciler).

During the February riots of 1934 he was arrested. He was released after nine months but had to report to the polict twice a week. He had contacts with revolutionary socialists and in when Austria became part of Germany in 1938 he tried to flee to Czechia. But he was refused entry to that country and back in Vienna the Gestapo arrested him. He was transported to concentration camp Dachau. Later he was transferred to concentration camp Buchenwald. In October 1942 he was transferred to auschwitz where he was murded around 12 December 1942.

Related persons
• cooperated with Breitner, Hugo


The urns of Julius Tandler and Hugo Breitner and the cenotaph for Robert Danneberg at the Feuerhalle Simmering, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (12 Aug 2010)


Robert Danneberg – Wikipedia

D'Annunzio, Gabriele

Published: 27 Jun 2020
Last update: 02 Mar 2022