Annunzio, Gabriele d'
Annunzio, Gabriele d'
|POET, NOVELIST, PLAYWRIGHT (ITALY)|
BORN 12 Mar 1863, Pescara, Abruzzi: Francaville, Mare - DIED 1 Mar 1938, Gardone Riviera: Vittoriale|
GRAVE LOCATION Gardone Riviera, Brescia: Vittoriale degli Italiani
Gabriele d'Annunzio left his native Abruzzi in 1881 to go to
Rome, where he wrote essays for the newspaper Tribuna. His early
work shows the influence of naturalism and Italian verism. In
1910 he moved to France, where he had a passionate relationship
with the actress Eleonora Duse. He wrote about this in his novel
"Il Fuoco" (1900, translated as "The Flame of Life"). For Duse
he wrote his plays "La Giaconda" and "Francesca".|
In Paris he frequented Natalie Barney's salon and he knew Sarah Bernhardt, who played in his "Francesca da Rimini" in 1902. At Barney's he met Romaine Brooks, who painted his portrait in 1912 and with whom he reportedly had a platonic relationship.
D'Annunzio lived like a dandy and was a symbol of decadence. For his mistress Ida Rubinstein he wrote the opera "Le Martyre de Saint Sebastion", with music by Claude Debussy and Ida playing an androgenous Saint Sebastian. Naturally, it was placed on the Index of forbidden works by the Catholic church.
In the First World War he served in the Italian Army. After the end of the war a seriously disappointed d'Annunzio occupied the city of Fiume and established an illegal government. He withdrew his troups after fifteen months.
In his later years he suffered from a nervous disorder and lived in solitude. Radclyffe Hall was among the few that were invited to visit him at his villa "Il Vittoriale". He died there. Near his home is a museum dedicated to him, the Vittoriale.
Plays: "La Gioconda" (1899); "Fedra" (1899); "Francesca" (1902). Poetry: "Canto Novo" (1882); "Chimera" (1890); "Elegie Romane" (1892). Novels: "The Child of Pleasure" (1889) and "The Triumph of Death" (1894).
knew Barney, Natalie Clifford
knew Bernhardt, Sarah
was a friend of Brooks, Romaine
was the lover of Casati, Luisa, Marchesa
knew Corcos, Vittorio Matteo
had a relationship with Duse, Eleonora
was a friend of Hall, Radclyffe
Moerman, Josien (ed.), Lexicon Internationale Auteurs, Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1985
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