Eichholzer, Herbert

BORN 31 Jan 1903, Graz, Steiermark - DIED 7 Jan 1943, Wien
CAUSE OF DEATH executed by beheading by guillotine
GRAVE LOCATION Graz, Steiermark: St. Leonhard-Friedhof (120-020-013)

Heinrich Eichholzer was educated as an architect at the Polytechnical School in Graz. During his studies he travelled in Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Italy and France. In 1926 he joined the student movement of the socialist party.

In 1929 he went to Paris for three months and there he worked for Le Corbusier and Jeanneret. In 1932 he worked in Moscow for several months. During the 1930s he opposed the rise of the nazis and on the day of the Anschluss of Austria in 1938 he emigrated to Paris. Later he moved on to Turkey, where he started a cell of the Austrian communist party. In 1940 he returned to Graz to organise resistance groups.

He joined the army and was sent to Verdun as a translator. A traitor within the communist party identified the resistance troups in Steiermark to the Gestapo and he was arrested on 7 Feb 1941 in Verdun. On 9 Sep 1942 he was sentenced to death and he was executed in Vienna on 7 Jan 1943.


The grave of Herbert Eichholzer at the St. Leonhard-Friedhof, Graz.
Picture by Androom (11 Sep 2004)


• Gross, Eugen, Friedhofführer der Pfarre Graz-St. Leonhard, Wirtschaftsrat der röm.-kath. Pfarre Graz-St. Leonhard, Graz, 2004

Eickelbaum, Karin

Published: 30 May 2016
Last update: 29 Dec 2021