Max, Gabriel von, Ritter von

BORN 23 Aug 1840, Praha - DIED 24 Nov 1915, München, Bayern
BIRTH NAME Max, Gabriel Cornelius
GRAVE LOCATION München, Bayern: Alte Südfriedhof, Thalkirchnerstrasse 17 (23-01-20)

Gabriel von Max was first educated by his father, the sculptor Joseph Max (1804-1855). In Prague he studied from 1855 to 1858 at the Academy of Arts under Eduard von Engerth. In Vienna Carl Blaas, Christian Ruben and Carl Wurzinger were his teachers and from 1863 to 1867 he attended the Academy in Munich where he was taught by Karl von Piloty, Hans Makart and Franz Defregger.

In 1867 he attracted attention with "Martyr at the Cross" and he created more painting with shocking scenes and cruel details. From 1879 to 1883 he was a professor of Historical Painting at the Art Academy in Munich. He was also a fellow of the Theosophical Society. He had a large scientific collection of anthropological objects amnd this showed in his work. Death also continued to be an important theme in his paintings and later in life he was involved in spiritism and occultism. His fascination with Darwin's evolution theory resulted in a series of paintings, among them "Apes as Critics" (1899, Neue Pinakothek, München).

He divorced his first wife and in 1893 he married his long term lover Ernestine Harlander (1863-1938), with whom he had conducten an affair since 1885 or 1886. Thet lived in a villa at the Holzbergstrasse in Ambach at the Starnberger See. In 1900 he was enobled. He died in 1915 in Munich.

• Father: Max, Josef Calanza
• Son: Max, Colombo

Related persons
• was pupil of Defregger, Franz von
• was pupil of Makart, Hans
• was pupil of Piloty, Karl Theodor von
• was teacher of Schwartze, Thérèse


The grave of Gabriel von Max at the Alte Südfriedhof, Munich.
Picture by Androom (04 Dec 2015)


• Hufnagel, Max Joseph, Berühmte Tote im Südlichen Friedhof zu München, Zeke Verlag, Würzburg, 1983
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Gabriel von Max - Wikipedia

Max, Josef Calanza

Published: 12 Dec 2015
Last update: 01 Jan 2023