Gay, Delphine

BORN 26 Jan 1804, Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen - DIED 29 Jun 1855, Paris
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 12)

Delphine Gay was the daughter of the author Sophie Gay, who had a salon in Paris at the Rue des Mathurins 40. She published two volumes of writings, "Essais poeliqiies" (1824) and "Nouveaux Essais poetiques" (1825). In 1827 she went to Rome where she received a warm welcome in literary circles.

In 1831 she married Émile de Girardin and started writing under the pseudonym Vicomte Charles de Launay. From 1836 to 1839 she wrote a gossip column in La Presse with sketches of contemporary Paris ("Lettres parisiennes, 1843).

She wrote comedies and romances and had a literary salon of her own, that was visited by Theophile Gautier, Balzac, De Musset and Victor Hugo. Paris called her 'the tenth muse'.

Her plays "Judith" (1843) and "Cleopatra" (1847) were written especially for the celebrated Rachel.

• Husband: Girardin, Émile de (1831-1855)

Related persons
• was visited by Balzac, Honoré de
• was visited by Gautier, Théophile
• was visited by Musset, Alfred de
• has a connection with Rachel

24/4/1843Premiere of "Judith" with Rachel playing the title part. The tragedy was written especially for her by Delphine Gay. [Rachel ]
13/11/1847Rachel debuts as Cleopatra. She played the title part in the tragedy that was written by Delphine Gay. [Rachel ]


The grave of Delphine Gay and Émile de Girardin at Montmartre Cimetière, Paris.
Picture by Androom (18 May 2005)


• Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Parisians, Robson Books, London, 1991
• Hoefer [Dr], Nouvelle Biographie Universelle, Firmin Didot Frères, Paris, 1866
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909

Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis

Published: 01 Jan 2006
Last update: 01 Jun 2020