Thum, Elfriede

BORN 15 Dec 1886, Berlin - DIED 6 May 1952, Berlin
BIRTH NAME Thum, Lydia Elfriede Lucie
CAUSE OF DEATH pneumonia
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Landeseigener Friedhof Grunewald, Bornstedter Straße 11-12 (Abt. V, Grab 58 (Ehrengrab))

Elfriede Thum grew up in the Dorotheenstrasse in Berlin. From 1905 to 1907 she studied literature, history, painting and sculpture at the University of Lausanne. In Lausanne she first met Rolf Lauckner, the stepson of the author Hermann Sudermann. She returned to Germany in 1907 and in 1908 in Dresden the painter Charles Johann Palmié was her teacher. In 1909 she met Max Pechtstein during a stay in Nidden. In Tzschetzschnow (now Güldendorf) near Frankfurt an der Oder she bought a piece of land where a villa was built for her. In 1913 she married Lauckner and they moved to her villa. They named the area around the house "Katzengrund" after Sudermann's novel "Der Katzensteg".

In 1912 Paul Cassirer exhibited her works and from 1914 it was published in his "Kriegzeit". At the time she signed her work with Erich Thum because it was still hard to sell art as a woman. She also worked as a stage set designer. In the early 1920s she exhibited in Stuttgart where here husband was the editor of "Über Land und Meer" until 1923. After that they lived in Vienna and returned to Germany in 1925.

The nazis classified her expressionist work as 'entartet' and from 1937 it was banned from exhibiting. Her villa was damaged during the last weeks of the War and demolished afterwards. She spent her last years with her husband in Berlin-Grunewald. In 1949 she exhibited at the "Mensch und Arbeit" exhibition in East Berlin. She died in 1952 in Berlin.

• Husband: Lauckner, Rolf (1913-1952, Berlin)

Related persons
• painted Durieux, Tilla
• knew Liebermann, Max
• painted Wegener, Paul


The grave of Clara Sudermann and Hermann Sudermann at the Landeseigener Friedhof Grunewald, Berlin.
Picture by Androom (24 Aug 2017)


Elfriede Thum – Wikipedia
Elfriede Thum 1889 - 1952 |

Tichatscheck, Joseph

Published: 25 Dec 2023
Last update: 25 Dec 2023