|POET, PLAYWRIGHT, CRITIC (GERMANY)|
BORN 26 Apr 1863, Rastenburg, Ostpreussen (now: Ketrzyn, Poland) - DIED 26 Oct 1929, Berlin: Wilmersdorf|
BIRTH NAME Holmsen, Bjarne Peter
GRAVE LOCATION Berlin: Friedhof Heerstrasse, Trahkener Allee 1, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf (Feld 3-B-27/28)
Founder of German naturalism and influencial critic. He was the son of a phamacologist and moved to Berlin with his family in 1875. From 1881 onwards he worked as a journalist and a writer.
In Berlin he met the young Gerhard Hauptmann and in 1883 he published his first poems in "Klinginsherz!". In 1886 he published a series of poems under the title "Phantasus". He became friends with the writer Johannes Schlaf and both tried to reproduce reality in literature, sometimes alone, sometimes together.
In 1893 he married Emilie Wittenberg. They had three sons. In 1899 he published "Revolution der Lyrik". Around 1900 he quarreled with Schlaf about who had done what in their joint projects.
In 1924 a complete edition of "Phantasus" was published in three volumes and in 1926 he became a member of the poetry section of the Prussian Academy of Arts. He was also a candidate for the Nobel Prize, but he never received it. In 1926 he divorced Emilie and married Anita Gewelke. He died three years later.
was a friend of Wille, Bruno
Baedeker Berlin, Baedeker Verlag, Stuttgart, 1994
Mende, Hans-Jürgen, Lexicon Berliner Grabstätten, Haude & Spener, 2006
Schriftsteller Lexikon, VEB Bibiographisches Institut Leipzig, Leipig, 1990