|CRIMINOLOGIST, PSYCHIATRIST (ITALY)|
BORN 6 Nov 1835, Verona, Veneto - DIED 19 Oct 1909, Torino, Piemonte|
BIRTH NAME Lombroso, Ezechia Marco
GRAVE LOCATION Torino, Piemonte: Cimitero Monumentale, Corso Novara (Ampliazone 3, Arcata 56 (C25))
Song of a rabbi. He studied literature and archaeology in Padua, Vienna and Paris. He graduated in medicine in Turin and set up as a neuro-psychologist. During the war between Austria and Italy of 1859 he served as an army physician.
In 1862 he became a professor of diseases of the mind at Pavia and he also became the director of the insane asylum at Pesaro. Later he was appointed prodessor of medical law and psychiatry in Turin, where he did research on the shape of a skulls as an estimator for abnormality. His main work "L’Uomo delinquente" ("The Criminal Man") was published in 1876. He claimed that criminals were physically different from other people and thus introduced the concept of the 'born criminal'. The idea came to him as he studied the body of the criminal Giuseppe Villela. In later years he added the statement that social factors were also a cause of crime.
Lombroso studied the medium Eusapia Palladino and afterwards declared that she wasn't cheating and that he was sorry that he had opposed the possibility of communicating with the spirits so vigorously. In 1889 he published "The Man of Genius", in which he stated that artistic genius was a form of hereditary insanity.
He married Nina de Benedetti in 1870. They had five children. His daughter Gina edited his later works after his death.
Daughter: Ferrero-Lombroso, Gina
Daughter: Carrara Lombroso, Paola
Adler, Josef, Handbuch der Grabstätten, 2. Band, Die Grabstätte der Europäer, Deutsches Kunstverlag, München, 1986