Herzen, Aleksandr Ivanovitsj

BORN 25 Mar 1812, Moscow - DIED 21 Jan 1870, Paris
BIRTH NAME Jakowlew, Aleksandr Ivanovitsj
GRAVE LOCATION Nice, Alpes-Maritimes: Cimetière du Château (ashes)

Illegitimate son of the Russian landowner Ivan Yakovlev and Henriette Wilhelmina Luisa Haag from Stuttgart. He studied in Moscow and together with G. Belinski he was very active in literary and political life in Moscow. His radical opinions alarmed the authorities and in 1834 and 1835 he was arrested. He was banned from Moscow and after he was allowed to return he was banned again in 1841. In 1837 he had eloped with his cousin Natalya Zakharina and he had secretly married her. In 1847 they left Russia. Natalya died in 1852 of tuberculosis.

He lived from 1852 to 1864 in England and in London he founded the Russian newspaper "Kolokol" ("The Clock") in which he pleaded for more democracy. In London, Malwida von Meysenbug took care of the education of his daughters. His writings were well read in Russia until he defended the cause of Poland in 1863 and he lost his popularity. In 1864 he moved to Geneva and later to Paris, where he died.

Among his friends were Garibaldi, Marx and Mazzini. His daughter Olga went with Malwida to Italy married and Gabriel Monod in 1873.

Related persons
• was a friend of Marx, Karl Heinrich
• was a friend of Mazzini, Giuseppe
• employed Meysenbug, Malvida, Freiin von


The grave of Alexandre Herzen at the Cimetière du Château, Nice.
Picture by Androom (29 Nov 2008)


Plaque for Alexander Herzen at 61 Judd Street, London.
Picture by Androom (14 Aug 2016)


• Beyern, Bertrand, Guide des tombes d'hommes célèbres, Le Cherche Midi, Paris, 2008
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Alexander Herzen - Wikipedia

Herzogenberg, Heinrich von

Published: 28 Mar 2010
Last update: 20 Apr 2022