Maria Theresia, Erzherzogin von Österreich

BORN 13 May 1717, Wien - DIED 29 Nov 1780, Wien
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Kapuzinergruft, Tegetthoffstraße 2

Maria Theresia became Archduchess of Austria at the death of her father Charles VI when she was only 23 years old. Although she was never crowned she was referred to as Empress of Austria. She also became Queen of Hungary in 1741 and Queen of Bohemia in 1743.

During her reign she was always actively involved in state affairs and Austria went through many social and economic reforms. But her country also lost several battles to Prussia and was forced to some territorial concessions.

On 12 Feb 1736 she had married to Francis of Lotharingen, who was elected roman emperor Francis I and crowned in Frankfurt on October 4, 1745. Among her sixteen children was Marie-Antoinette, the unfortunate queen of Louis XVI of France. Maria Theresia is also remembered as the monarch before whom the young Mozart performed on October 13, 1762.

• Daughter: Marie Antoinette, queen of France

Related persons
• was sculpted by Zumbusch, Kaspar, Ritter von

5/10/1762Premiere of Gluck's "Orfeo ed Euridice" at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Empress Maria Theresia was present. Gaetano Guadagni was Orfeo, Marianna Bianchi was Amore and Lucia Clavereau was Euredice. [Gluck, Christoph Willibald von]
30/8/1777Marie Antoinette writes to her mother that her marriage was thoroughly consummated. It was rumoured that Louis XVI had to undergo and operation before they finally could have sex. [Louis XVI Auguste, King of France][Marie Antoinette, queen of France]


Maria Theresia's tomb in the Kapuzinergruft, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (13-08-1995)


• Hearsey, John, Marie Antoinette, Sphere Books, London, 1974
Orfeo ed Euridice - Wikipedia

Marian, Ferdinand

Published: 01 Jan 2006
Last update: 25 Apr 2022