|POET, CRITIC (ITALY)|
BORN 27 Jul 1835, Valdicastello di Pietrasanta, Toscana - DIED 16 Feb 1907, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna|
REAL NAME Carducci, Giosuè Alessandro Giuseppe
GRAVE LOCATION Bologna, Emilia-Romagna: Cimitero monumentale della Certosa di Bologna, Via della Certosa 18 (campo carducci)
Giosué Carducci wa the son of a doctor who was involved with the Carbonari. Because of this the family had to relocated several times and lived in Florence for a few years. Giosué graduated in 1856 from the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and started working as a teacher. He published his first volume of poetry in 1857. Around this time his father died and his brother committed suicide. In 1859 he married Elvira Menicucci, with whom he had four children.
He was appointed professor of Italian at the University of Bologna and here Giovanni Pascoli was one of his students. In 1871 he recieved a letter from socialite Carolina Cristofari Piva from Milan and their subsequent love affair prompted some of his best poetry. The affair was intense and lasted several years. Piva died in 1881.
He was an atheist and in 1881 he published a neoclassical poem dedicated to satan. In 1890 he met Annie Vivanti and they had a love affair although she was 31 years his junior. Carlo Emilio Gadda stated that he travelled with Annie's panties to be able to sniff them when he wanted to.
In 1906 he was the first Italian author to receive the Nobel Prize. He also became a senator, but he died in Bologna in 1907.
knew Corcos, Vittorio Matteo
was a friend of Del Lungo, Isidoro
was the lover of Vivanti, Annie