|POET, JOURNALIST (ENGLAND)|
BORN 19 Oct 1784, London: Southgate - DIED 28 Aug 1859, London: Putney|
BIRTH NAME Hunt, James Henry Leigh
GRAVE LOCATION London: Kensal Green Cemetery, Harrow Road, Kensal Green (121/2 (13650))
Leigh Hunt was the son of a lawyer from Philadelphia who had settled in London, forced by his sympathy for Britain during the War of Independence. In England he became a preacher and a teacher.
He was educated at Christ's Hospital. He wasn't able to enter university because of a temporary speeach impediment. He started writing poems ("Juvenila", 1801) and articles for newspapers. After working as a clerk at the War Office he became editor of The Examiner in 1808. The Examiner was founded by his brother John Hunt. In 1813 an attack on the Prince Regent was published in The Examiner. This resulted in a prison sentence of two years for both of them.
In Surrey Gaol he was visited by John Moore, Lord Byron and Lord Brougham. In 1816 he published "Story of Rimini", a very influencial volume of poetry. Several other titles followed and he was surrounded by people like Shelley, Keats, Hazzlitt and Lamb. It was Hunt who introduced Keats to Shelley.
Hunt was married to Marianne Kent and they had six children. His financial management was disastrous and after Shelley left for Italy in 1818 (and gave him no longer money) things worsened. Hunt and Shelley persuaded Byron to start a liberal magazine in Italy and in November 1821 Hunt and his family sailed for Italy. Hunt didn't arrive until July 1822. But a few weeks later Shelley drowned and the new magazine The Liberator was doomed from the start. Hunt moved in with Byron. The latter was shocked by the behaviour of the Hunt children, who enjoyed a free education and were hardly ever corrected by their parents, whatever they did.
In 1823 Byron left for Greece, where he died in 1824. Hunt stayed in Genoa until 1825. In 1828 he published "Lord Byron and some of his Contemporaries". His corrective descriptions shocked the public, that considered it grossly indecent to write such a book for someone who had profited from Byron's funds. Hunt was thoroughly satirized by Thomas Moore.
A period of poverty and illness followed, until he started writing for the Edinburgh Review. In 1844 Mary Shelley saw to it that he received an annuity from Percy Florence, Shelley's son, who had succeeded to the family estate. In 1847 a state pension was added and his worst financial troubles were over. He continued writing and published a comprehensive autobiography in 1850. In 1853 Charles Dickens admitted in a letter that he had based his unflattering character Harold Skimpole in "Bleak House" (1852-1853) on Hunt.
Leigh Hunt died in 1859 and was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, London. His monument was erected by public subscription. Unfortunately, a (replica) bust by Joseph Durham from 1869 was stolen.
Two excerpts from Leigh Hunt's autobiography:
"The first time I saw Lord Byron, he was rehearsng the part of Leander, under the auspices of Mr. Jackson, the prize-fighter. It was in the river Thames, before his first visit to Greece. There used to be a bathing-machine stationed on the eastern side of Westminster Bridge; and I had been bathing, and was standing on this machine adjusting my clothes, when I noticed a repectable-looking manly person, who was eying something at a distance. This was Mr. Jackson waiting for his pupil. The latter was swimming for somebody for a wager. I forgot what his tutor said of him; but he spoke in terms of praise. I saw nothing in Lord Byron at that time, but a young man who, like myself, had written a bad volume of poems; and though I had a sympathy with him on this account, and more respect for his rank than I was willing to suppose, my sympathy was not an agreeable one; so, contenting myself with seeing his lordship's head bop up and down in the water, like a buoy, I came away.
Lord Byron, when he afterwards came to see me in prison, was pleased to regret that I had not stayed. He told me, that the sight of my volume at Harrow had been one of his incentives to write verses, and that he had the same passion for friendship which I had displayed in it. To my astonishment he quoted some of the lines, and would not hear me speak ill of them."
"Shelley, when he died, was in his thirthieth year. His figure was slight, and his constitution consumptive. He was subject to violent spasmodic pains, which would sometimes force him to lie on the ground till they were over; but he had always a kind word to give to those about him, when his pangs allowed him to speak. In this organization as well as in some other respects, he resembled the German poet, Schiller. Though well-turned, his shoulders were bent a little, owing to premature thought and trouble. The same causes had touched his hair with gray; and though his habits of temperance and exercise gave him a remarkable degree of strength, is is not supposed that he could have lived many years."
Son: Hunt, Thornton Leigh
knew Allingham, William
has a connection with Byron, George Noel Gordon
knew Dickens, Charles
was a friend of Haydon, Benjamin
was a friend of Lewes, George Henry
was a friend of Shelley, Percy Bysshe
|3/2/1813||Leigh Hunt sentenced to two years of imprisonment. He had been found guilty of slander against the Prince-Regent. His brother John Hunt was convicted and sentenced as well. |
|0/5/1813||Lord Byron visits Leigh Hunt in prison. Hunt was locked up in Surrey Gaol because he had attacked the Prince of Wales in 1812 in his periodical The Examiner. His phrasings 'Adonis in Loveliness' and 'violator of his world' resulted in two years of imprisonment for him and for his brother. [Byron, George Noel Gordon ]|
|1/12/1816||Leigh Hunt's article "Young Poets" is published in The Examiner |
|18/8/1822||Trelawny burns Shelley's body on the beach. Shelley's body was found on the beach and buried there. It was not allowed to move it because of the risk of diseases. A huge metal furnace was brought to the beach and his remains were cremated. The ashes were taken to the Protestant Cemetery in Rome. Trelawny snatched Shelley's heart from the flames. Leigh Hunt wanted to keep it, but after some pression he gave it to Mary Shelley. Lord Byron couldn't stand it and swam back to his nearby ship before the burning of the corpse started. [Byron, George Noel Gordon ][Shelley, Mary][Shelley, Percy Bysshe][Trelawny, Edward John]|
|4/10/1822||Leigh Hunt and his family join Mary Shelley in Genoa [Shelley, Mary]|
|14/10/1825||Leigh Hunt returns to London from Italy. The periodical The Liberal that he had set up for Lord Byron hadn't been a succes. After four issues Byron withdrew his support. Hunt travelled through Italy with his family and returned to England. On this dat he reached London on a steamship. [Byron, George Noel Gordon ]|
|13/7/1827||Mary Shelley finds out that her friend Jane Williams has betrayed her. Jane was Mary's best friend, but Jane had spread malicious rumours about Mary behind her back. One of the things Jane said was that she had treated Shelley badly during his last year. Jane told this to Leigh Hunt and T.J. Hogg. [Hogg, Thomas Jefferson][Shelley, Mary][Shelley, Percy Bysshe][Williams, Jane]|
|27/6/1847||First meeting between Leigh Hunt and William Allingham. Allingham had gone to Hunt's house several times before but this time Hunt was home. His first impression of Hunt was that he was a very tolerant person. [Allingham, William]|
|29/10/1864||William Allingham dines with Sir Percy Florence Shelley. During the dinner Lady Shelley and two of Shelley's sisters were present. One of the sisters was Helen. Sir Percy stated clearly that he wasn't interested in literature and poetry and that he preferred sailing and private theatre. Helen Shelley's memories of Leigh Hunt were not favourable and Allingham, who had known Hunt, decided not to about Hunt anymore. [Allingham, William][Shelley, Percy Florence, 3rd Baronet][St. John, Jane]|
Allingham, William, William Allingham, A Diary, 1824 - 1889, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1985
Feldman, Paula R. and Diana Scott-Kilvert, The Journals of Mary Shelley, 1814-1844, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1987
Hunt, Leigh, The Autobiography of Leigh Hunt, (A New Edition), Smith, Elder & Co, London, 1891
Mellor, Anne K., Mary Shelley, her Life, her Fiction, her Monsters, Routledge, New York, 1989
Paths of Glory, The Friends of Kensal Green Cemetery, London, 1997
Quennell, Peter, Byron, The Years of Fame - Byron in Italy, Collins, London, 1974
Roe, Ivan, Shelley: The Last Phase, Hutchinson & Co, London, 1955