|OPERETTA SINGER (FRANCE)|
BORN 30 Apr 1833, Bordeaux, Gironde - DIED 5 May 1920, Paris|
REAL NAME Schneider, Catherine Jeanne
GRAVE LOCATION Bordeaux, Gironde: Cimetière Protestant de la rue Judaïque, rue Judaïque
Hortense Schneider was the daughter of the tailor Georges Schneider
from Strasbourg who had settled in Bordeaux. Her mother´s name
was Elisabeth Bussière. Her father was an alcoholic and after
his death she entered the stage, took singing lessons and was
a member of a travelling group. |
In 1853 she debuted in Agen in Donizetti's opera "La Favorite". In 1855 she went to Paris, where she started using Hortense as her first name. In Paris she was turned down by the Théâtre des Variétés. She met the singer Jean Berthelier and he became her lover. Berthelier introduced her to Jacques Offenbach, who engaged her at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens and she debuted in "Le violoneux". She was an instant succes.
In 1858 a son, Georges André de Gramont-Vachères (1858-1919), was born from her affair with the Emmanuel, Duc de Gramont-Caderousse. She performed title part in "La Belle Hélène" in 1864 was a huge succes. In 1865 the Duc de Gramont died and left part of his fortune to her to provide for their son. In 1866 she was Boulotte in the premiere of Offenbach's "Barbe-bleue". In 1867 her appearance in "The Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein" at the time of the Universal Exhibition was another succes. Napoleon III saw it on 24 April and returned with empress Eugénie a few days later. Ismail Pasha, the khedive of Egypt, visited the show as well as her dressing room almost every day during his stay in Paris.
Because of her affairs with noble people her rival Léa Silly called her "le Passage des Princes", after a shopping arcade. Among her lovers were Alexander II of Russia and the future Edward VII of Great-Britain.
In 1870 she performed in London. After the fall of the Second Empire her succes in France faded but she was still popular abroad and performed at several courts. After Offenbach's dead in 1880 she retired from the stage and attended her son.
In 1881 she married an Italian who called himself comte de Bionne. He was no nobleman and probably after her money and they separated soon after the wedding. She lived a respectable life until 1920 and she died in Paris. She was buried in her native Bordeaux.
1855/8/31: Premiere of Offenbach's "Le violoneux" with Hortense Schneider
It was performed at the Théâtre des Bouffes Parisiens in Paris. It was Schneider's first role for Offenbach.
1864/12/17: Premiere of Offenbach's "La belle Hélène" with Hortense Schneider
It was performed at the Théâtre des Variétés, Paris. Hortense Schneider and José Dupuis were the main stars.
1866/2/5: Premiere of Offenbach's "Barbe-bleue" with José Dupuis and Hortense Schneider
It was performed at the Théâtre des Variétés, Paris and had a run of five months.
1867/4/12: Premiere of "La Grance-Duchesse de Gérolstein" with Hortense Schneider at the Théâtre des Variétés in Paris
It was written and conducted by Jacques Offenbach and Hortense Schneider was the Grand Duchess. In the audience were Pauline von Metternich and the famous critic Hanslick.
1867/4/24: Napoleon III attends Offenbach's "La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein"
It was performed at the Théâtre des Variétés in Paris and Hortense Schneider was the Grand Duchess.
1868/10/6: Premiere of Offenbach's "La Périchole" with Hortense Schneider in the title role
It was performed at the Théâtre des Variétés, Paris.
1874/4/25: Premiere of the revised version of "La Périchole"
Hortense Schneider performed the title part in the operatta by Offenbach like she had done in the original version of 1868.
Claude Augé (ed.), Larousse Universel en 2 volumes, Librarie Larousse, 1922
Point de Vue (Images du Monde), Point de Vue, Créteil
Adler, Josef, Handbuch der Grabstätten, 2. Band, Die Grabstätte der Europäer, Deutsches Kunstverlag, München, 1986