Lannes, Jean, Duc de Montebello

BORN 11 Apr 1769, Lectoure, Gers - DIED 31 May 1809, Wien: Kaiserebersdorf
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Panthéon (Caveau XXII)

Jean Lannes was the son of a farmer. He worked himself up in the army to the rank of colonel, but he was fired in 1795 after an army reform. He married Jeanne Jacqueline Barbe Méric on 19/03/1795, but he divorced her in 1799 after she had given birth to an illigetimate son while he was in Egypt. In 1800 he married Louise Antoinette, Comtesse de Guéhéneuc (1782-1856), who gave him five children.

In 1796 he went to Italy as a volunteer and there he Napoleon returned his rank to him. Lannes and the future emperor became close friends. He supported Napoleon's Coupe d'état and when the empire was created in 1804 he became a marshall and received the title of Duc de Montebello. He saw battle in Prussia, Spain and Austria. During the Battle of Aspern in 1809 he commanded two division. A canonball crushed his legs and he died from his wounds.

He was buried at the Montmartre Cemetery. His body was transferred to the Panthéon in Paris in 1810, but his heart is still in the mausoleum at Montmartre Cemetery. His son Napoléon would became Minister of Marine and his son Gustave was aide de camp of Napoleon III.

Related persons
• employed La Bédoyère, Charles, Comte de
• was a friend of Napoleon I Bonaparte


The tomb Jean Lannes at the Panthéon, Paris.
Picture by Androom (07 Nov 2016)


Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Wives and Children of the Marshals

Lansdown, Joseph Goodale

Published: 10 Mar 2017
Last update: 10 Nov 2017