Karl, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Teschen

NOBLEMAN, SOLDIER (HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE)
BORN 5 Sep 1771, Firenze - DIED 30 Apr 1847, Wien
REAL NAME Karl Ludwig Johann Josef Lorenz of Austria
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Kapuzinergruft, Tegetthoffstraße 2 (New vault, Tomb 122)

Son of Holy Roman emperor Leopold II and younger brother of emperor Franz II. He grew up in Vienna and he began his military career in the Austrian Netherlands in the war of the French Revolution. He distinguished himself at Jemapes (1792) and Neerwinden (1793). In 1796 he was put in command of the Austrian forces at the Rhine. He defeated Jourdan at Amberg and Würzburg and drove him over the Rhine. He also defeated Moreau who had to leave Germany with his troops.

In 1797 he had to retreat when Napoleon Bonaparte entered Italy, but in 1799 he defeated Jourdan again and defeated Masséna at Zürich. During the war of 1805 he was defeated by Masséna at Caldiero. After the peace between Austria and France was signed he started to reform the army. After his initial succes at Aspern in 1809, the Austrians were defeated once more by the French and he gave up his military offices.

When the war against the French broke out once more Schwarzenberg was in put in command instead of him and apart from he being military governor of Mainz for a while in 1815 he stayed in retirement. In 1815 he married Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg and in 1822 he became Duke of Saxe-Teschen.

He died in 1847 in Vienna and a large statue of him was unveiled at the Heldenplatz in Vienna in 1860.

Related persons
• employed Schlegel, Friedrich von

Sources
Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen - Wikipedia

Images

The tomb of Karl, Duke of Teschen in the Kapuzinergruft, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (31 Aug 2002)

 

The statue of Erzherzog Karl at the Heldenplatz near the Hofburg, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (22 Sep 2004)

 


Karlweiss, Oskar

Published: 16 May 2010
Last update: 16 May 2010