Ney, Michel, Duc d’Elchingen, Prince de la Moskowa

MARSHAL (GERMANY)
BORN 10 Jan 1769, Saarlouis - DIED 7 Dec 1815, Paris: Closerie des Lilas
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 29, 1re ligne, R, 33)

Son of a German barrel cooper. He entered the French army in 1788 and rapidly climbed the ranks until he was appointed général de brigade in 1796. In 1797 he became a prisoner of war during the battle of Neuwied. Afterwards he was exchanged for an Austrian general. After he captured Mannheim he was promoted to géneral de division (1799). In 1802 he married Aglaé Louise Auguié (1782-1854). He was a loyal follower of Napoleon, who made him Marshal of the Empire in 1804.

In 1807 Ney saved Napoleon from defeat at Eylau and in 1808 he was sent to Spain. In 1810 he joined Masséna for the invasion of Portugal, but in 1810 sent him away because of insubordination (he had refused an order that he considered foolish). In 1812 he was in command of the Third Corps of the Grand Armée that invaded Russia. During the retreat he was cut of from the main army but was able to rejoin it. For this Napoleon called him 'the bravest of the brave' and gave him the title of Prince of Moskwa.

After the fall of the empire he supported the Bourbon restoration. He had pressed Napoleon to accept his abdication and Louis XVIII rewarded him by making him a peer. When Napoleon entered France he said he would bring Bonaparte back to Paris in an iron cage, but after he read Napoleon's proclamation he decided to offer his services to him on March 3th, 1815. On June 16th, 1815, Ney attacked Wellington at Quatre-Bras, but he was critized for doing this too slowly. During the Battle of Waterloo he commanded the left wing of the army and his failure to break through the enemy infantry contributed to Napoleon's defeat.

He was arrested in August, tried by the Chamber of Peers and found guilty of treason. His conviction served as an example for Napoleon's other marshals and generals. On December 7th he was executed, ordering the soldiers to fire himself.

Related persons
• employed Jomini, Antoine Henri, baron
• has a connection with Masséna, André, duc de Rivoli, prince d'Essling
• served under Napoleon I Bonaparte

Sources
Michel Ney - Wikipedia

Images

The grave of Michel Ney at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (19 Nov 2006)

 


Nhil, Robert

Published: 21 Dec 2007
Last update: 19 Oct 2014