|OPERA SINGER (GERMANY)|
BORN 6 Oct 1804, Hamburg - DIED 26 Jan 1860, Coburg|
GRAVE LOCATION Dresden, Sachsen: Trinitatisfriedhof, Fiedlerstraße 1, Johannstadt-Nord (I C)
Daughter of the tenor Friedrich Schröder and Sophie Schröder-Bürger,
who had been a singer before she became an actress. Wilhelmine
danced in Hamburg when she was 9 years old and was already a
famous actress when she was 15. After her role in Mozart's "Die
Zäuberflöte" she pursued a career as a singer. |
She befriended Carl Maria von Weber and on 31 Mar 1824 she sang the title in his "Euryanthe" at the Dresden premiere and the opera was miuch more succesful now thean it had been in 1923 in Vienna where Henriette Sontag had sung the title part.
In 1823 she had married the actor Karl Devrient. They worked together in Dresden and continued to do so for several years after they were divorced in 1828 and she lost the care to their four children.
Wagner saw her as Leonore in Beethoven's "Fidelio" in April 1829 when he was 16 years old. He was deeply impressed and in later years she would become Adriano in his "Rienzi" (1842), Senta in "Der fliegende Holländer" (1843) and Venus in "Tannhäuser" (1845). Before that she appeared in Paris (1830, 1832), Berlin (1831) and London (1832).
In 1847 she married the swindler Döring. Because he was an officer she was forced to leave the stage. The marriage meant financial ruin for her and they were divorced only one year later. She joined the revolution of May 1849 in Dresden and was afterwards imprisoned for a while. In 1850 she married the land owner Heinrich von Bock, but she left him in 1852.
In 1856 she came back as a concert singer, singing songs by Schubert, Mendelssohn and Beethoven. In 1859 she left the stage for good. It is possible that she is the author of the erotical novel "Memoiren einer Sängerin", but probably she only wrote the first of the two parts.
Mother: Schröder-Bürger, Sophie
Husband: Devrient, Karl August (1823-1828)
cooperated with Tichatscheck, Joseph Aloys
was admired by Wagner, Richard
was a friend of Weber, Carl Maria von
1829/4/0: Wagner sees Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient in Beethoven's Fidelio
She played the part of Leonore and the sixteen years old Wagner was deeply impressed.
1842/10/20: Premiere of Richard Wagner's opera "Rienzi" in Dresden
It was a huge succes. Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient was Adriano and Joseph Tichatschek was Rienzi.
1843/1/2: Premiere of Richard Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Holländer" in Dresden
The premiere was supposed to take place in Berlin but it eventually it was in Dresden. Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient was Senta.
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Aubert, Joachim, Handbuch der Grabstätten berühmten Deutscher, Österreicher und Schweizer, Deutscher Kunstverlag, München, 1973