Marie Louise d'Autriche, Impératrice des français

BORN 12 Feb 1791, Wien - DIED 17 Dec 1847, Parma
GRAVE LOCATION Wien: Kapuzinergruft, Tegetthoffstraße 2

Daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II. In 1810 Napoleon asked for her hand after his separation of Joséphine de Beauharnais. On the advice of Metternich her father accepted and thus she became empress of France. In 1811 she gave birth to Napoleon's much wanted heir, the Duke of Reichstadt.

When Napoleon abdicated in 1814 she refused to follow him in exile and went to Vienna with her son. In 1815 she refused to follow him to St. Helena and she was granted the title of Duchess of Parma. She took little notice of her son, whom she left behind in Vienna to live a lonely life at the court.

In September 1814, when Napoleon was at Elba, she had started an affair with the Austrian count Neipperg during a trip to Aix-les-Bains. They had two children (Albertine, Countess of Montenuovo and Wilhelm Albrecht, Prince of Montenuovo) before she married him morganatically after Napoleon died in 1821. In 1822 they had another daughter, Mathilde, Countess of Montenuovo.

Neipperg died in 1829 and in 1834 she married her grand chamberlain count de Bombelles, also morganatically.

• Son: Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt
• Husband: Napoleon I Bonaparte (1810-1821, Saint-Cloud)


The tomb of Marie Louise of Austria at the Kapuzinergruft, Vienna.
Picture by Androom (13 Aug 1995)


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Marie-Elisabeth, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen

Published: 1 Jan 2006
Last update: 14 Apr 2007