|PHILOSOPHER, JOURNALIST, STATESMAN (FRANCE)|
BORN 19 Aug 1805, Paris - DIED 24 Nov 1895, Paris|
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 04, ligne 01, AB, 17)
Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire was the son of an unknown mother and possibly an illegitimate son of Napoleon I. He worked for the Ministry of Finance between 1825 to 1828 and was also active as a journalist, opposing king Charles X in "Le Globe" until the revolution of 1830. After 1830 he worked for several newspapers until he devoted himself to ancient philosophy in 1833. He started a translation of Aristotle that held him busy for most of his life. In 1838 he obtained the chair of ancient philosophy at the Collège de France.
After the revolution of 1848 he became a deputy for the republicans for the Seine-et-Oise department. He was a member of the parliamentary commission on education. After Louis Napoleon Bonarte's coup d'état in 1851 he withdrew from his position, but in 1855 he joined the commission that went to Egypt to investigate the possibility of the Suez canal and his articles helped the project to gain popularity in France. In 1869 he joined the opposition to the Second Empire and after the empire fell in 1870 he supported Adolphe Thiers to become president. Afterwards he became his secretary. In 1875 he was appointed senator for life. From 1880 to 1881 he was minister of foreign affairs under Jules Ferry.
His "Traduction générale d’Aristote" was published in 1892. He died in Paris in 1895.
was secretary to Thiers, Adolphe