|COMPOSER, COLLECTOR OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS (FRANCE)|
BORN 5 Sep 1808, Napoli, Campania - DIED 19 Mar 1866, Paris|
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 28)
Louis Clapisson's family was from Lyons, where his grandfather was a maker of wind instruments. His father Antoine was a professor at the Conservatory of Naples at the time he was born. In 1815 the family returned to France and settled in Bordeaux. As a boy he showed an exceptional talent for the violin and he toured the south of France under the guidance of Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges.
In 1830 he entered the Conservatory in Paris where he studied under François Habeneck and Anton Reicha. He was enagaged as first violinst at the orchestra of the Théâtre-Italien and later as second violinist at the Paris Opera. But Clapisson preferred composition and concentrated on that. In 1835 his first vocal pieces were performed at the Conservatory in Paris. In 1838 his opera comique "La Figurante" was first performed. His grand opera "Jeanne la folle" was staged in 1848.
In 1847 he became a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur and in 1854 he was elected into the Académie des Beaux-Arts. In 1861 he was appointed professor of harmony at the Conservatory in Paris. He was also the first curator of the museum of the Paris Conservatory from 1864 until his death in 1866.
was pupil to Reicha, Anton