|SOCIALIST, AUTHOR (FRANCE)|
BORN 7 Apr 1803, Paris - DIED 14 Nov 1844, Bordeaux, Gironde|
BIRTH NAME Tristan-Moscoso, Flore-Celestine-Therèse-Henriette
CAUSE OF DEATH typhoid fever
GRAVE LOCATION Bordeaux, Gironde: Cimetière de la Chartreuse, 180 rue Georges Bonnac (Série 08, No 205)
Flora Tristan is regarded as a founder of modern feminism. Her father was a Peruvian colonel in the Spanish navy and she was a nice of Pío de Tristán, viceroy of Peru. Her mother was French. After her father died in 1807 the family lived in modest circumstances. When she was seventeen years old she married the engraver André Chazal and she worked for him as a colourist. They had three children and her daughter Aline was the mother of the painter Paul Gaugain. In 1825, pregnant with Aline, she fled from her jealous husband.
In 1832 she travelled with her mother to Arequipa to claim her inheritance that was in the posession of an uncle. They stayed in Peru until 1834 but were unable to secure the inheritance. Her diary from this trip was published in 1838 as "Pérégrinations d'une paria".
She wrote about the liberation of women as a condition to complete the emancipation of the working class, thus connecting the cause for women's rights with the case for social rights. In 1843 she wrote her essay "The Workers' Union". It was her last work because she died in 1844 of typhoid fever.
Flora Tristan - Wikipedia
BORDEAUX (33) : cimetiÃ¨re de la Chartreuse - CimetiÃ¨res de France et d'ailleurs