Brongniart, Alexandre (fils)

CHEMIST, MINERALOGIST, GEOLOGIST, ZOOLOGIST (FRANCE)
BORN 5 Feb 1770, Paris - DIED 7 Oct 1847, Paris
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Père Lachaise, Rue du Repos 16 (division 11, ligne 01, W, 29)

Alexandre Brogniart was the son of the architect Alexandre Théodore Brongiart (1739-1813). The botanician Adolphe Théodore Brongniart (1801-1876) was his son by his wife Cécile de Cocquebert Montbret (1782-1862), the daughter of the statesman and scientist Charles-Étienne de Coquebert Montbret (1755-1831).

He studied at the École des Mines and at the École de Médecine. He served as an assistant pharmacist in the army and after his return he became a mining engineer in 1794. In 1797 he obtained a professorship in natural history the École Centrale des Quatre-Nations. After he published "Mémoire sur l’art de l’émailleur" in 1800 he was appointed director at the Sèvres porcelain factory by Claude Berthollet and he held this post until his death.

He became a member of the Académie des sciences in 1815. In 1822 he succeeded René-Just Haüy as professor of mineralogy at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. In 1823 he became a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and memberships of more international societies followed. In 1824 he founded the Musée national de Céramique. He was also active as a zoologist and in 1800 he published "Essai d’une classification naturelle des reptiles".

Family
• Father: Brongniart, Alexandre-Théodore (père)

Images

The grave of Alexandre Brongniart at Père Lachaise, Paris.
Picture by Androom (02 Nov 2018)

 

Sources
BRONGNIART Alexandre (1770-1847) - Cimetières de France et d'ailleurs
Alexandre Brongniart – Wikipedia


Brongniart, Alexandre-Théodore (père)

Published: 28 Feb 2022
Last update: 28 Feb 2022