|STATESMAN, PHILOSOPHER (FRANCE)|
BORN 31 Dec 1814, Lorient, Morbihan - DIED 8 Jun 1896, Paris|
BIRTH NAME Suisse, Jules François Simon
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Montmartre Cimetière, 20 Avenue Rachel (division 21)
Jules Simon was the son of a linen-draper from Lorraine. He dropped the family name Suisse and studied at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. There he met Victor Cousin and he became his deputy when the latter obtained the chair of philosophy at the University of Paris. He edited the works of Nicolas Malebranche and other authors.
In 1848 he represented the Côtes-du-Nord in the National Assembly and in 1849 he entered the Conseil d'État (Council of State). After he refused to take the oath of allegiance to Napoleon III he lost his professorship. He turned his attention to philosophical and political writing. In 1863 he entered the Corps Législatif where he joined the opposition.
After the fall of the empire in 1870 he became minister of instruction. In 1875 he became a member of the Académie Française and senator for life. In 1876 he became prime minister as well as minister of the interior. In 1877 president Mac-Mahon dismissed him on request of the clericals. He published several volumes of memoirs. He died in Paris in 1896.
Beyern, Bertrand, Guide des Cimetières en France, Le Cherche Midi Éditeur, Paris, 1994
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909
Jules Simon - Wikipedia