Péladan, Joséphin

BORN 28 Mar 1858, Lyon - DIED 27 Jun 1918, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine
CAUSE OF DEATH food poisoning in combination with pneumonia
GRAVE LOCATION Paris: Cimetière des Batignolles, 8 rue Saint-Just (division 06)

Joséphin Péladan claimed that a Babylonian king left the title of "Sâr" to his family and called himself Sâr Merodak Péladan. His father and his brother Dr. Adrien Péladan (1815-1890) were both into alchemism and magnetism.

Together with the poet Guaita he wanted to rebuild the Rosicrucian Brotherhood and the occultist Papus helped them. In 1890 they fell out with each other and Péladan created the Catholic Order of the Rose and the Cross, of which he was the leader.

His most important work was "Décadance Latin", a novel in 21 volumes. He was a megalomaniac who made himself many enemies, but he was also an art lover who introduced many artists to the public at his Salons de la Rose-Croix. The first Salon in 1892 received no less that 22.000 spectators.

He died in 1918 of sea food poisoning in combination with pneumonia. After his death his books, that were written in an extremely difficult style, soon became collector's items. In 1921 his play "Semiramis" was successfully staged in the arena in Nîmes.

Related persons
• quarreled with Huysmans, Joris Karl
• cooperated with Papus


The grave of Joséphin Péladan at the Batignolles cemetery, Paris.
Picture by Androom (23 Aug 2001)


• Culbertson, Judi & Tom Randall, Permanent Parisians, Robson Books, London, 1991
Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (editie 1909), 1909

Pellegrini, Carlo

Published: 04 May 2007
Last update: 25 Apr 2022